Many in the field of social psychology suggest that there is always some level of self-interest in any type of giving act. This can include doing something for someone else just to make oneself feel better. The most common explanation tends to involve some kind of exchange, meaning that people do things because they want something in return. Social exchange theory basically states that one will be satisfied in a relationship if the rewards outweigh the costs and they feel that the other person they are with is worthy of them (Myers & Twenge, 2018). Relationships are really composed of exchanges as well. Do people tend to stay in relationships where the costs outweigh the benefits?How might that impact the overall relationship?
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Week 7 Discussion Downey_T
Tasha Downey posted May 5, 2022 4:37 PM
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Four factors that result in an individual being attracted to another include proximity, physical attractiveness, similarity/complementarity, and mutual liking.
Proximity can play a role in attraction as the person is always around, they become a familiar face. Paths cross from doing everyday activities such as going to the gym, work, school, etc. This plays a significant role when it comes to initiating friendship and attraction. Physical attractiveness can factor into how much a person dates, hit on, or relationships they have (Myers, 2018). Even though women do not believe attraction is everything studies have proven different when it can to the attraction of a male. Similarity/complementarity people tend to like other people who have similarities such as taste in foods. Mutual liking people tend to others more when they like them back. This could be considered the least significant as like another can change over time with more knowledge.
Passionate love is considered emotional, exciting, and intense (Myers, 2018, p. 335). It is also depicted in movies, as a love scene with excitement, and intense emotions. Companionate love is once a relationship starts to settle down and the afterglow of companionate love is the result. In my opinion, there are more types of love such as the love a son feels for their mothers, and the love a friend feels for another friend. These loves are just as important when forming deep relationships.
Myers, D. (2018). Social Psychology (13th Edition). McGraw-Hill Higher Education (US): https://digitalbookshelf.southuniversity.edu/books/9781260140569.
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Amanda Simpson posted May 3, 2022 4:40 AM
Regardless of our personal preferences, we all require some amount of social contact. However, the level of social contact and type of relationship we share with others vary significantly. Social psychologists tend to focus on the qualities and characteristics that make up long-lasting relationships. One of the most challenging characteristics in a close relationship is love.
•Describe the four factors that result in an individual being attracted to another? Explain which of the four factors are the most significant and which of them is the least significant in initiating friendship and attraction.
Several factors about a person influence on whom we attract to. Four of the main factors are proximity, mere exposure, similarity, and physical attractiveness.
1.Proximity- a powerful predictor in if two people are friends is proximity. Geographic closeness prompts liking. Proximity causes liking because of availability, obviously there are fewer opportunities to get to know someone who lives across the world. Proximity allows people to discover commonalities and exchange rewards. However just the anticipation of the interaction can boost attraction. Proximity leads to liking not only because it allows interaction and anticipatory liking but there are over two hundred studies that reveal familiarity fosters fondness of others, not breed contempt, (Myers, D. 2018).
2.Mere Exposure- meaning being around or seeing someone repeatedly will make you like it more. Mere exposure has enormous adaptive significance. It is a hard-wired phenomenon that predisposes our attractions and attachments.Another factor that plays a significant role is functional distance- how often two people cross paths. We tend to make friends with those that use the same entrances, parking lots, or recreation areas. Interaction allows people to explore similarities, sense the others liking, learn more about the other person, and perceive themselves as part of a social unit, (Meyers, 2018).
3.Similarities- People also tend to pick partners who are like themselves in characteristics such as age, race, religion, social class, personality, education, intelligence, and attitude. This similarity is seen not only between romantic partners but also between friends. Some researchers have suggested that similarity causes attraction. Others acknowledge that people may be more likely to have friends and partners who are like themselves simply because of accessibility: people are more likely to associate with people who are like themselves, (Meyers, 2018).
4.Physical Attractiveness- Research shows that romantic attraction mainly decided by physical attractiveness. In the first stages of dating, people are more attracted to partners whom they consider to be physically attractive. Men are more likely to value physical attractiveness than are women. People’s feeling of their own physical attractiveness also plays a role in romantic love. People tend to pick partners who are about equal in level of attractiveness to themselves (Meyers, 2018).
According to Pressbooks, module 12:1-5 the Results showed that the biggest predictor of attraction for both males and females was the physical attractiveness of their partner. Reciprocity showed some influence, though similarity produced no evidence.
•Explain the definition and concept of passionate and companionate love and compare and contrast both types of love. In your opinion, is there more than just passionate and companionate love?
Passionate love is emotional, exciting, intense, (Meyers, 2018).If we experience passionate love, we express it physically, we expect the relationship to be exclusive, and we are intensely fascinated with our partner. Unlike the wild emotions of passionate love, companionate love is lower key; it’s a deep, affectionate attachment. It activates various parts of the brain. And it is just as real. Like other types of emotional excitement, passionate love involves a roller coaster of excitement and gloom, tingling joy, and disheartened misery. Unlike Passionate love Compassionate Love is when a close relationship is to undergo, it will settle to a sturdier but still warm serenity.Passionate love concerns the lover with thoughts of the other, involving the same incentive pathways in the brain as addictions to substances such as drugs or alcohol. Unlike Passionate Love compassionate love has the passion-facilitating hormones (testosterone, dopamine, adrenaline) subside, while the hormone oxytocin supports feelings of connection and trust. Passionate love is what you feel when you love someone and are also “in love” with your partner. The love we feel for those with whom our lives deeply interwoven is compassionate Love. Unlike the wild emotions of passionate love, companionate love is lower key; it’s a deep, affectionate attachment. It activates various parts of the brain. And it is just as real.
In my opinion…..There are more than just compassionate love and passionate love. To list a few you have puppy love, lust love, momentary love, and more. Puppy Love is when teenagers or young adults first begin to fall in love with one another. It feels great but subsides quickly. Lust love is when two people’s chemistry is so intense the two believe it’s real love, this tends to wear off very quickly as well. Momentary love is when one or both partners have the inability to stay in love with one person for exceedingly prolonged periods of time. Sometimes the love they feel last month’s even years but eventually the new fades and they want something else.
Myers, D. (2018). Social Psychology (13th Edition). McGraw-Hill Higher Education (US). https://digitalbookshelf.southuniversity.edu/books/9781260140569
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