This is essentially an ‘empirical’ or ‘descriptive’ task. You will choose a case study of a particular activity that is classified as a ‘transnational crime’ because it involves actors/actions across borders. We would like you to pick just one kind of global or transnational activity or ‘crime’ preferably by Week five of Semester Two (See the long list below). Financial crime and fraud (e.g., Ponzi schemes, interest rate manipulation, ‘flashtrading’, bribery, tax haven schemes, …) people trafficking (e.g., slave labour, prostitution, child labour, international adoptions, international surrogacy, fake ID, international organ harvesting sourced from China and ‘third world’… international ‘drug’ trafficking (opiates, methamphetamines … illegal gambling environmental destruction (e.g., acid rain, illegal logging, poaching of rare and protected birds and animals, oil theft, sale of palm oil, water theft, illegal whaling and fishing, nuclear smuggling … kidnapping and ransoming of hostages illegal migration piracy smuggling and manufacture of black market commodities (e.g., counterfeit pharmaceuticals, art treasures and collectibles, counterfeit electronics, counterfeit cosmetics, counterfeit fashion, counterfeit sporting gear, tobacco, alcohol, pornography, ‘drugs’, diamonds and minerals) the hiring, training and use of mercenaries arms dealing state crime (genocide, illegal wars, bombing of civilians use of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, insurgency, espionage, surveillance, cyber attacks, assassination, torture … terrorism, especially state terrorism, money laundering, surveillance cyber-crime and fraud (software piracy, copying music and films, fake ID, fake diplomas, fake language tests … We then want you to think about this activity and then to begin to research this activity thoroughly. Use a search engine like Google or Google Scholar. Look at any Wikipedia articles. Is this activity the work of states, normal businesses, or non-state actors or does it implicate both states, normal businesses and non state actors? What is the current legal and policy status of this activity both in Australia and internationally? Is this activity legal locally but illegal internationally or vice versa? How well is is it currently policed and sanctioned? What are the harms associated with this activity and for whom? Provide some well researched and evidenced arguments to say what is actually happening as well as how best to explain or understand why this is happening. In a second step or the second stage of the assessment activity we want you to make a good case for proposing a policy or regulatory scheme to control it, proscribe it or outlaw it In thinking about the matter of a scheme to control the activity you might try a thought experiment derived from sporting contests: what would your opponent like least if you were to do something to him/her? Your research will focus on answering questions like: When did this activity come to be classified as a ‘crime’ and who did so? How have governments around the world defined the ‘crime’ in this case study? Are there any differences in how it is defined? Are there any countries that haven’t defined this activity? How does research into this activity define it and how does the research count or measure it? (you can use research by governments, academics, transnational agencies like UNODC or non-government organisations). How are governments active in your case study? What laws, regulations and programs exist that focus on this activity? For example, what do they do and how are they enacted, what do the regulations and laws target, where does the funding go and how are the laws and regulations enforced?
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