Provide the grant proposal (RFP) project goal and SMART objectives following the guidelines in the lecture notes. Discuss the different types of objectives to be accomplished in the proposed project.
King Graduate School
Research Methods in Health Care
Week 6 06062020
Dr. Su-yan Barrow
Upon completion of this tool, you will be able to:
1. Distinguish between a goal and an objective.
2. Develop one or more program goals and related objectives that will provide the basis for determining your program’s performance.
Project/Program Goal(s) and Objectives
Program goals and objectives establish criteria and standards against which you can determine program performance.
You will need to identify the goals and objectives of the program component or intervention you plan to evaluate.
Logic models are a useful tool that can help you do this.
A broad statement about the long-term expectation of what should happen as a result of your program (the desired result).
Well-written goals do the following:
1) establish the overall direction for and focus of your program,
2) define the scope of what you want your program to achieve, and
3) serve as the foundation for developing your program objectives.
1) Specifies the STD problem or STD-related health risk factors;
2) Identifies the target population(s) for your program.
Goal: Reduce gonorrhea rates among male adolescents in County Z
What Is An Objective?
Your program objectives are statements describing the results to be achieved, and the manner in which they will be achieved.
Objectives are more immediate than goals; they are the mileposts you will pass on the way to achieving your program goal(s).
Because objectives detail your program activities, you usually need multiple objectives to address a single goal.
Well-written and clearly defined objectives will help you monitor your progress toward achieving your program goals and set targets for accountability.
Statements describing the results to be achieved, and the manner in which they will be achieved. You usually need multiple objectives to address a single goal.
Criteria: SMART attributes are used to develop a clearly-defined objective.
Objectives can be process or outcome oriented
What are Process and Outcome Objectives?
There are two types of objectives:
When you write a process objective, you describe the activities/services that will be delivered as part of implementing the program.
Process objectives describe the activities/services/strategies that will be delivered as part of implementing the program.
Process objectives, by their nature, are usually short-term.
Outcome objectives specify the intended effect of the program in the target population or end result of a program.
The outcome objective focuses on what your target population(s) will know or will be able to do as a result of your program/activity
Outcome objectives can be categorized as:
They should be logically linked to each other and to the process objectives.
Short-term outcome objectives are the initial expected changes in your target population(s) after implementing certain activities or interventions (e.g., changes in knowledge, skills, and attitudes).
Intermediate outcome objectives are those interim results that provide a sense of progress toward reaching the long-term objectives (e.g., changes in behavior, norms, and policy).
Long-term outcome objectives are achieved only after the program has been in place for some time (e.g., changes in mortality, morbidity, quality of life).
Objectives vs. Project Activities
Note: Objectives are different from listing program activities.
Objectives are statements that describe the results to be achieved and help monitor progress towards program goals.
Activities are the actual events that take place as part of the program. Following is an example of how program activities differ from objectives
Your objectives will be appropriate and effective if you follow the SMART technique for writing objectives.
Attributes of SMART objectives:
• Specific: includes the “who”, “what”, and “where”. Use only one action verb to avoid issues with measuring success.
• Measurable: focuses on “how much” change is expected.
• Achievable: realistic given program resources and planned implementation.
• Relevant: relates directly to program/activity goals.
• Time-bound: focuses on “when” the objective will be achieved.
[Note: Be aware that there is a variety of terminology used for the five components of SMART. For instance the “A” sometimes stands for appropriate or the “R” sometimes stands for realistic. The bottom line is that the message is the same.]
SMART – Specific
Specific. Making your objectives specific means including the
“where” of the objective.
“Who” refers to your target population (e.g., Latino adolescents, attendees of STD clinics).
“What” refers to the action (e.g., screen, identify).
“Where” refers to the location of the action (e.g., STD clinic in City X).
Be as specific as possible about the target population (e.g., male and female adolescents between the ages of 15-19 years, instead of “adolescents”).
Remember: The greater the specificity, the greater the possibility for measurement.
SMART – Measurable
Measurable. Your objectives need to be measurable. Here the focus is on “how much” change is expected. Your objectives should quantify the amount of change you hope to achieve (e.g., Project area X will implement 2 professional development workshops among all STD clinical providers in State X by January 2007.). “2” and “all” represent the “how much” of the objective.
SMART – Achievable
Achievable. Your objectives should be realistic given your program resources and planned implementation.
For instance, if you read the following: “100% of women in project area X will be screened for Ct” you realize that this is not achievable.
Besides the fact that reaching 100% of women is unrealistic, you will be wasting resources because not all women are at risk for Ct.
You can use state, county, or local statistics as well as data from similar STD programs to provide context for what is reasonable and to help you ensure that your program objectives are achievable
SMART – Relevant
Relevant. Objectives are relevant when they relate directly to the program’s goals and together represent reasonable programmatic steps that can be implemented within a specific timeframe.
For instance, a program goal is “Reduce congenital syphilis in City X”. A relevant objective may be: “By December 2006, increase the percentage of women (from X% to Y%) in City X receiving a test for syphilis at first prenatal visit”.
SMART – Time-bound
Time-bound. Your objectives should be defined within a timeframe.
Here the focus is on “when” the objective will be met. Specifying a timeframe in the objective will help you in both planning and evaluating your program (e.g., at the end of laboratory visits; by January 2007).
Goals and Objectives Assignment
Complete exercise 1 and 2 by the end of class. Submit the assignment as an email attachment to firstname.lastname@example.org
Start to develop the goal(s) and SMART objectives for your proposed grant project/program using the work sheet provided in the Writing Goals and Objectives folder on Black Board.
Goal and objectives Worksheet
Salabarría-Peña, Y, Apt, B.S., Walsh, C.M. Practical Use of Program Evaluation among Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Programs, Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2007. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/std/program/pupestd/Step2_0215.pdf
Division of STD Prevention,National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/std/program/pupestd.htm
Running head: GRAND PROPOSAL 1
GRAND PROPOSAL 4
Section 1: Introduction
HA620-101 – Research Methods in Health Care
Mental health issues are classified as the leading health issue for perinatal women. Mental health issues affect one in every five women during their perinatal period, the first year of postpartum, and during pregnancy. It affects at least 800,000 women of the 4 million women who give birth each year in the United States (Agnafors et al, 2019). When left untreated, the illness can have long-term negative effects on the child, parents, family, and society. Fortunately, most maternal mental health issues are temporary and treatable. In recent years, perinatal mental health has been a major area of concern, with investments in new specialized mental health facilities in several high-income nations and inpatient psychiatric mother and infant units in various settings. The paper will focus on community-level perinatal mental health challenges.
Perinatal psychological problems are among the most prevalent pregnancy-related morbidities. They play a significant role in maternal morbidity and mortality and unfavorable neonatal, baby, and child outcomes. Community-level research on prenatal mental disorders impacting women is limited. With most research focusing on maternal mental health and theories of postpartum depression as a topic, community-level maternal mental health issues have been neglected. Little is known about the complete spectrum of perinatal mental problems, how to enhance treatment availability for women with psychosocial challenges, and the efficacy of various service delivery strategies.
Abdollahi, Lye & Zarghami (2016) note that healthcare providers need to help women make informed choices regarding treatment for their maternal mental health issues based on postpartum theories such as biological, psychosocial, and evolutionary theories. Howard & Khalifeh (2020) analyzed the issue of perinatal mental health, noting a need for psychiatric services to be included in preconception care and additional investments into public health interventions. The paper will build on this concept, focusing on how the aspect of mental health within community levels and how perinatal women can benefit from it.( what is the proposal project?)
The Draft of the sections are not graded, a ‘1’ is provided in order for you to see the feedback
The theory/model is missing as discussed in class.
Abdollahi, F., Lye, M. S., & Zarghami, M. (2016). Perspective of Postpartum Depression Theories: A Narrative Literature Review.North American journal of medical sciences,8(6), 232–236. https://doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.185027
Agnafors, S., Bladh, M., Svedin, C. G., & Sydsjö, G. (2019). Mental health in young mothers, single mothers and their children.BMC Psychiatry19,112 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2082-y
Howard, L. M., & Khalifeh, H. (2020). Perinatal mental health: a review of progress and challenges.World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA),19(3), 313–327. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20769
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