Question 1(10 points)
In addition to lowering the discount rate to increase the money supply, the Fed could also
Question 1 options:

purchase bonds on the open market and raise reserve requirements.

sell bonds on the open market and raise reserve requirements.

purchase bonds on the open market and lower reserve requirements

sell bonds on the open market and lower reserve requirements.
Question 2(10 points)
At lower interest rates the
Question 2 options:

money supply is indeterminate.

money supply is lower.

quantity of money demanded is higher.

quantity of money demanded is lower.
Question 3(10 points)
Selling government bonds through open market operations allows the Federal Reserve to
Question 3 options:

decrease money in the treasury.

decrease the money supply in the private sector

receive discounts on future sales.

receive a high rate of interest on the bonds
Question 4(10 points)
How can the Federal Reserve actually increase the money supply?
Question 4 options:

by delaying transfer of money among banks

by raising the discount rate

by printing more money

by purchasing more government bonds in the open market
Question 5(10 points)
What would be a way for the Federal Reserve to stimulate a sluggish economy?
Question 5 options:

print more money

buy government bonds on the open market

sell more government bonds

encourage the stock market
Question 6(10 points)
What would be a way for the Federal Reserve to slow down the economy when it is growing too quickly or is inflationary?
Question 6 options:

print more money

buy back government bonds on the open market

sell more government bonds

encourage the stock market
Question 7(10 points)
An open market purchase by the Fed
Question 7 options:

) increases the total amount of reserves in the banking system.

decreases the total amount of reserves in the banking system.

does not change the total amount of reserves in the banking system

causes the reserve requirement to fall.
Question 8(10 points)
An increase in the discount rate
Question 8 options:

reduces the cost of reserves borrowed from the Fed.

signals the Fed’s desire to increase the money supply.

signals the Fed’s desire to lend increased reserves to banks.

increases the cost of reserves borrowed from the Fed.
Question 9(10 points)
If the Federal Reserve conducts an open market purchase, the
Question 9 options:

interest rate will not change.

interest rate will increase.

interest rate will decrease

money supply is decreased
Question 10(10 points)
Which of the following is associated with the crowding-out effect
Question 10 options:

Government borrowing that competes with private-sector borrowing

A reduction in private investment spending due to an increase in government borrowing

A possible result of expansionary fiscal policy

All of the above
Question 1(10 points)
An event that allows the economy to operate more efficiently by producing more outputs without using any more inputs is referred to as
Question 1 options:

absolute progress

efficiency progress

capital investment.

technological progress.
Question 2(10 points)
All of the following can cause technological progress EXCEPT
Question 2 options:

research and development


free trade.

population decreases.
Question 3(10 points)
It is possible for an economy to become more productive and per-capita output to increase if
Question 3 options:

new ideas are generated.

inventions are developed.

technology is improved

all of the above
Question 4(10 points)
Knowledge and skills are part of ________ in an economy
Question 4 options:

educational functions

human capital

market growth

Question 5(10 points)
Economic growth is severely impeded in economies
Question 5 options:

with a lack of clear property rights.

with a strong central government.

with high rates of convergence

which encourage induced innovation
Question 6(10 points)
Monopoly profits lead to technological process by
Question 6 options:

carefully investing deadweight loss.

encouraging the development of innovations by firms attempting to break a monopoly.

firms lobbying Congress for protection of their monopolies.

increasing the amount of human capital in the economy.
Question 7(10 points)
What is the only thing that makes an economy grow in the long run?
Question 7 options:

Increases in labor productivity growth

Increases in the price level

Increases in the interest rate

Increases in the labor force
Question 8(10 points)
) Economists suggest that trade’s main advantage is allowing the world to achieve
Question 8 options:

economic growth for all countries

greater equality between countries

more self-sufficiency

specialization and the resulting economies of scale
Question 9(10 points)
Among the institutional structures that promote economic growth, most economists would include
Question 9 options:

religious freedom, and restricted trade

wide-spread education, free trade, and strong property rights

religious freedom, patents and copyrights, and government economic planning

strong industrial regulation, government economic planning, and restricted trade
Question 10(10 points)
If an economy’s production possibilities curve has shifted out, we can unambiguously conclude that:
Question 10 options:

the supply of natural resources increased

the supply of labor increased

potential GDP increased

technology improved

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