Psychology Assignment

Topic : Mental Health in the Media
Many popular movies and TV shows have characters who struggle with mental health. Pick
one DSM-5 disorder and discuss one media portrayal of this disorder, describing how the
major symptoms and features of this disorder are (or are not) depicted. Based on the research
literature of this disorder, describe whether the media portrayal is overall positive (e.g.,
accurate, encouraging, validating) or negative (e.g., inaccurate, misrepresentative,
stigmatizing). How could this disorder be more accurately portrayed in this movie or TV
show, and why would that be important?
Ideas: Concepts and ideas are cohesive, logical, and well-integrated
Sources: Integrates and summarizes at least three current (past 15 years) and relevant
peer-reviewed sources
Quality of Writing: No spelling and/or grammar mistakes. The paper is focused and
well-organized (including an introduction with clear thesis statement and a conclusion that
summarizes the main points)
Citation, Bibliography, and Formatting: APA 7 style, maximum 5 pages (double spaced).
APA Style 7th Edition Info
This is some basic APA information. For a much more in-depth look at APA style, see the Publication
Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th Edition (2020)

The Basics
2.54 cm (one-inch) margins all around, including title page (doesn’t include header and footer margins)
Double spaced (even the title page and your references)
Font: Use same font throughout paper
– Use a sans serif font (11-pt Calibri; 11-pt Arial, or 10-pt Lucida Sans Unicode)
– OR, use a serif font (12-pt Times New Roman, 11-pt Georgia)

Title Page
*Running heads are no longer required for student papers (happy dance!)
1) In the header, you need to start your page numbers on your title page (right hand corner)
– Do not include “Page” or “p.” before your page numbers – only include the number

2) Your title is bold, centred, in the upper ½ of the page (3 or 4 lines down from the top), in title case.
– What does it mean for something to be in “title case?”
o First word is capitalized, as is the first word after a colon or end of punctuation
o Major words after a hyphen are capitalized (e.g. “Self-Report” not “Self-report”)
o Words of four letters or more are capitalized (e.g., “With,” “Between,” “From)
o Minor words are lowercase (3 letters or fewer, unless it’s the first word, or comes after
a colon, or after end punctuation – e.g., “and,” “as,” “the”)
3) Underneath your title, include one blank double space, then put your name: First, Middle initial, Last
– If your paper has more than one author, list them in alphabetical order by last name (note: APA
manual says to list them in order of contribution, but I’m expecting you all contributed equally,
so am asking you to do it alphabetically)
4) Underneath your name is your institutional affiliation (University of Victoria)
5) Underneath your affiliation is the course number and name of the course
6) Underneath course information comes my name “Dr. Jessica Rourke”
7) Finally, under my name comes the date (month written out, day, year) you are submitting your paper
On the following page is an example of a title page which includes all the info from above

Basic APA Style Information 7th Edition

Jane B. Doe, V0112542
University of Victoria
PSYC 260(A01): Mental Health and Wellbeing
Dr. Jessica Rourke
June 15, 2032

Body of Your Paper:
Your essay begins on the page after your title page and is page 2
Your essay is double spaced and there is no extra space added when you switch paragraphs
Begin by re-stating your title (using title case), centred, bold (if you’re going to use headings, see the
APA manual on proper heading levels and formatting; your title is a Header, Level 1)
Indent the start of each new paragraph by 1.27cm (0.5 inches)
Do not include article titles in the body of your essay – only author last name(s) and date (see section,
“How to Cite In-Text” for more info)

One space after periods
Use a comma before the “and” or “or” (etc.), in a list of 3 or more (e.g., grass, sun, fog, and rain)
Place commas and periods inside closing quotation marks (e.g., the student was described as “highly
Do not use contractions (“do not” would be correct; “don’t” would be incorrect)

Typically, numerals are used to express numbers 10 and above; numbers nine and below are spelled.
There are some exceptions, for example:
Numbers at the beginning of a sentence are spelled, e.g., “Two ducks flew” (“2 ducks flew”
would be incorrect)
Numerals are used to reflect a measurement (e.g., 5 cm)
Numerals are used to represent mathematical functions (e.g., multiplied by 7; 2 times as many;
Numerals are used for time, date, age, points on a scale, exact sums of money (e.g.,
approximately 3 years ago)
Common fractions are spelled (e.g., one fifth of participants)

How to Cite In-Text
Citing in-text means citing within the body of your essay. Cite only articles/books that you have actually
read and from which you have incorporated ideas. It is always best to cite primary sources, but if you
must cite a secondary source, you first cite the source you read, followed by “as cited in” and then the
citation for the original source – e.g., “Joseph Wolpe (1960; as cited in Peterson et al., 2011)”
– Undercitation is considered plagiarism
– Overcitation is distracting – you do not need to cite every sentence. If it’s clear you’re still
discussing the same idea from the same article, you don’t need to cite it again in that same
paragraph, unless you’re citing in parentheses
– If you use some of your own work from another paper/research study, you need to cite yourself,
otherwise, that is considered self-plagiarism
Citing one or two Authors
Use the author’s surname (last name) without any suffixes (e.g., Jr.), followed by a comma, followed by
year of publication
– If citing at the end of a sentence, do so in brackets and put punctuation after the brackets – e.g..
blah, blah, blah (Enright, 2003).
– If citing at the beginning of a sentence or in the middle of a sentence, only the date is in
brackets –e.g., Enright and McCullough (2001) stated that…
When citing two authors, always cite both names. In your sentence, spell out the word “and” e.g.,
Enright and McCullough (1992) found that…
– If citing at the end of your sentence, in brackets, use “&” (no comma between first author and
ampersand) e.g., Dogs prefer it when you pat them with your right hand (Enright & McCullough,

Citing Three or More Authors
When citing 3 or more authors, list only the 1st author’s’ last name, followed by “et al.” (period after
“al”). For example:
– Enright et al. (1985)
– blah blah blah (Enright et al., 1985)

Citing Multiple Works at the Same Time
Organize the works in alphabetical order and separate works by a semi-colon. For example:
– Blah blah blah (Enright, 1985; McCullough et al., 2003; Wade, 1962; Worthington, 2002)

Citing two or More Works by the Same Author
Sort them by year of publication, earliest 1st. E.g., If Enright and McCullough wrote something together
in 1995 and 1998 and I’m referencing both for the same sentence: …blah blah blah (Enright &
McCullough, 1995, 1998)
When citing works by the same author with the same year of publication, use suffixes “a, b, c…” e.g.:
…blah blah blah (Enright et al., 2005a, 2005b) – make sure you properly indicate the “a, b, c” in your
reference list too

Direct Quotes
Direct quotes are verbatim. Use them sparingly. If it can be summarized in your own words, do that
– When to use a direct quote:
o Use a direct quote if you need to reproduce an exact definition,
o when an author has said something memorable,
o when you are stating something said by a participant,
o if you want to respond to something someone said.

If you are omitting stuff from the quote, use 3 spaced ellipse points … with a space before and after, to
indicate that you have omitted something

If you are directly quoting someone’s words (spoken or written) you must use quotation marks. Make
sure you reference where the quote came from, including page number (or paragraph number if it’s a
website, stanza if it’s a poem, etc.).
e.g., “There is a crack in everything. That is how the light gets in” (Cohen, 1992, stanza 2).

When you are quoting something that is 40 or more words, don’t use quotation marks, instead, do a
block quotation: Start the quote on the following line, and indent it (all of it, not just the first line). If
there is more than one paragraph in the block quote, indent the start of each new paragraph by 1.27cm
(0.5 inches). Make sure you reference where the quote came from (your reference goes after the
punctuation and is not followed by any punctuation)
e.g.: blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah (these are your own words/thoughts, and
now you want to insert a quote from someone else that is 40+ words):
start the quote on the following line, and indent it (all of it, not just the first line). If there is
more than one paragraph in the block quote, indent the start of each new paragraph by 1.27cm
(0.5 inches). Make sure you reference where the quote came from (your reference goes after
the punctuation and is not followed by any punctuation). (Doe, 2019, p. 10)

Reference List
Your reference list contains all the references you cited in your essay

Begin your reference list on a new page, after your conclusion; references are double spaced (with no
extra space added between references)
The word References is centred and bold at the top of the page, the “R” is capitalized – there is no colon
after the word “References”
The reference list is organized in alphabetical order by first author surname (last name)
If citing works by the same author, but different dates of publication, the work with earliest year of
publication comes first

1) First line of each reference is flush left; all others underneath it are indented (this is called a hanging

2) Author’s last name, comma, author’s first name initial(s) (put a period followed by a space after each
initial), comma, year of publication in brackets, period.
– if there are multiple authors in the same reference, list them in the order they appear on the
publication, separate them by a comma (even if only 2 authors), use an “&” before the final
author’s name. Year of publication comes after final author’s name. Use this method for up to
20 authors. If there are more than 20 authors, list the first 19, insert an ellipse, then list the final
author’s name.

For example:
Enright, R. D., Tory, J. B., & Scaggers, T. (2013). Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah
blah blah blah blah blah blah.
McCullough, W. R., & Ablecross, Z. (2018). Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah
blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah.

3) If you’re citing a journal article, then after the date, include:
– Title of article with only first word capitalized (and word after colon, and proper nouns),
followed by a period.

– Title of journal in title case, comma, volume number, all italics, include the issue number in
brackets immediately after the volume number, but do not italicize it, comma, page range,
– Then, include the Digital Object Identifier (doi) or the URL…if it has both, include the doi only.
Doi’s are typically located on the first page of the article, near the copyright notice and often
begin with”” or “” or “DOI:” Do not put a period after the doi
or the URL – they should be a hyperlink. Do not include the word “doi” or “url” before your

For example:
Enright, R. D., McCullough, Q. X., & Belicki, J. (2019). The old lady swallowed a fly: A sequel. Social
Sciences Quarterly, 5(3), 88-97.

4) If you’re citing a chapter in a book
After the chapter author’s name and date of publication, write the chapter title. Capitalize only the first
word, a word after a colon, or proper nouns.
If there are editors to the book, write “In” then put the names of the editors (first initial followed by
surname/last name) followed by brackets and the letters Ed (or Eds. If multiple editors), comma, title of
book italicized (capitalize only the first word, a word after a colon, or proper nouns), opening bracket,
“pp.” page range of chapter, closing bracket, period. Then put the name of the publisher, period. If
there are multiple editions of this book, put the edition number, followed by “ed.” before you put the
page range.
Enright, X. Y. (1977). The grass is never greener on the other side. In J. Worthington and S. Crosby
(Eds.), Common myths debunked (3rd ed., pp. 17-36). Potter-House Publishing.

Referencing a Video (Film, Ted Talk, YouTube)
Film: Name of whomever directed it (last name, first name initial(s)), followed by (Director), period.
Next comes the date it was released in brackets, period. Then comes the italicized title of the film –
capitalize the first word, word after a colon, and proper nouns. Following the title is the type of work it
was in square brackets [Film], period. Then comes your source information: company who released the
film and the link to it if it’s online. For example:
Jackson, P. (Director). (2001). The lord of the rings: The fellowship of the ring [Film]. WingNut Films; The
Saul Zaentz Company.

Ted Talk/Youtube – name of whomever was speaking (last name first, followed by first name initial),
period. Date posted, in brackets – year, month, day, period. Title of video – capitalize first word, word
after colon, proper nouns. Follow the title with the word “Video” in square brackets, period. State
whether it was YouTube or Ted Conferences, period. Hyperlink to video. For example:
Sanpe, S. (2000, December 6). Always [Video]. YouTube.

Referencing Lecture/Class
Please note, this is slightly different than what’s officially in the APA manual
Put my name – first initial first, followed by the month, date, and year of the lecture
(J. Rourke, class lecture, June 11, 2032) or:J. Rourke (class lecture, June 11, 2032)

For this course, we’ll classify it as a form of personal communication, which means that you do not
reference it in your reference list (not all professors will classify it as a form of personal communication,
so check with them if you’re ever wanting to do this in another class)

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