Not exactly problem sets

II. Not exactly problem sets

A. Please look at all 15 of these abbreviations, but select 5 of them, and define and find language examples for each of your choices.

1. ABE

2. ABS

3. ALL

4. APPL

5. INESS

6. MASD

7. OPT

8. PRIV

9. COM

10. INCHO

11. ERG

12. PROX

13. DISTR

14. DIST

15. MID

B. Please select one of these that follow to write a bit about. What I would like you to do is address the issues in the “question” of your choice. About 250-300 words should be sufficient. Proof-read and perhaps read your response to another student.

i. Explain (as you might to a classmate who says, “Did you get that?” the distinction Haspelmath and Sims make among phonological conditioning, morphological conditioning, and lexical conditioning on pp. 25-26. Why do you think it matters?

ii. On p. 11 of Exploring Language Structure, this quotation from Charles Fillmore appears:

“The difference between lexicon and (morpho-)syntax is the difference between what speakers need to know outright, vs. what they can construct based on what they already know.”

Use the example of Jabberwocky to explain what this statement means.

iii. What is the difference between a lexeme and a word-form? If someone were to say, “Hey, y’know; a word-form is well, sort of an allolex.” what might they be trying to point out? Would they be right? [Note that that question is not about whether the term allolex exists, but whether it would make sense for someone to “create” it] Why or why not?

iv. How would you explain to someone the differences between word-based approaches to morphology and morpheme based approaches to morphology?

v. In Chapter 3, Haspelmath and Sims change the definition of base somewhat. What is the change? Why do they make this change?

vi. Thomas Payne discusses a distinction and relationship between conceptual structure and linguistic form. How does he define conceptual structure? How does he think we recognize it?

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