Module 2 Overview and Objectives What is a paragraph and how should it be organized? What do authors have in common with builders? Both understand that the strength of their final product depends on a well-built foundation. Working with the correct materials is critical to the process. Well-developed paragraphs are the building blocks of effective essays. The topic sentence is the concrete that holds a paragraph together, as it provides a limited topic and an idea about the topic. Just in the same way that one building design does not fit the needs of everyone, one paragraph type does not meet the needs of all writing activities.
Upon successful completion of this module, you will be able to:1. Analyze the two parts of topic sentences in given paragraphs: the topic and the writer’s point of view.2. Distinguish nine patterns of paragraph development.3. Construct a unified, coherent narration paragraph.
Module 2 Readings – Read About Topic Sentences
The first step of the writing process is beginning with a point. As we learned in Module 1, effective writing must also contain specific details. In a paragraph, this means creating a topic sentence, usually the first sentence, which provides the focused topic and the writer’s attitude about that topic. This is then followed by specific evidence to support the topic sentence.
Read about paragraph development and topic sentences from the following resource: Paragraph Development and Topic Sentences (Links to an external site.) from The Guide to Grammar and Writing, sponsored by the Capital Community College Foundation
Read from your textbook, English Skills with Readings, 9th edition:
Chapter 3 – “The First and Second Steps in Writing”
Chapter 15 – “Narration,” first part, pages 293-299
Narration “From Father to Son, Last Words to Live By” essay on pages 664-667
View this presentation: Chapter 3 (PDF)
Module 2 Discussions – Analyze a Paragraph’s Topic Sentence and Support
Locate and analyze a paragraph from the Internet. The paragraph can be from a website, article, blog, or other source as long as it is appropriate, has a minimum of five or six sentences, and contains a topic sentence.
To analyze the paragraph you have chosen, follow the detailed instructions listed below.1. Post the paragraph to this discussion.2. List the author and source of your selection.3. Identify the topic sentence and writer’s attitude about the topic.4. Discuss whether the provides adequate detail to support his/her point.5. Use proper paragraph format, with a topic sentence and supporting evidence.6. Proofread carefully for spelling and grammar errors
After learning the concepts for each paragraph development pattern, go back to the 2.2 – Analysis a Paragraph’s Topic Sentence and Support discussion and post the pattern for the paragraph you selected. Explain why you believe your paragraph fits that particular pattern. Reply to your original post and add your comments about paragraph development.
Review examples of the nine paragraph patterns in this file.
Nine Patterns of Paragraph Development (PDF)
Module 2 – Compose a Narration Paragraph
Opportunities to use different patterns of development will be provided throughout the remainder of the course, beginning with narration. Narration involves writing a personal story about something that has happened. It is one of the few contexts where personal pronoun usage (I, me, etc.) is acceptable.
Compose a narration paragraph that supports a point made in your first sentence. Include vivid details so that your reader can visualize the experience as you did. Since you are only writing one paragraph, your topic should be limited in scope. If you include quotations, be sure to consult the section on quotation marks, pages 468-473 of the textbook.
Select one of the following topics and compose an effective narration paragraph:1. The best experience of my life(be a father) be able to see my first child birth that was premature Note you can elaborate more
Using a document, your paragraph should contain the following:• Approximately 250 words• A well-developed topic sentence• Adequate detail to support topic sentence
Use the “Checklist for Narration” on page 300, when writing and revising your paragraph.
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