PPOL 650
Briefing Paper: Annotated Bibliography Assignment Instructions
The ultimate goal for this term is to use the concepts, ideas, and principles learned through our course materials to prepare a briefing paper that addresses a key issue. The first step toward your Briefing Paper: Final Submission was the preparation of a thesis statement and brief outline. The next step in the process is to prepare an annotated bibliography that provides an overview of key sources you plan to use in writing your paper. As with other assignments, a key element of this assignment is reading and synthesizing large amount of information and presenting in a succinct, clear manner. Another key element is research. While US News, the Washington Post, and the New York Times may have articles related to your topic, they are not scholarly sources. Instead, look for content from academic and subject specific journals (i.e., Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy). This assignment will assist in strengthening your research and writing skills as you search for academic material to write clear, succinct summaries about each source.
You will review your chosen Briefing Plan: Topic Proposal and prepare an annotated bibliography that includes a minimum of 10, but no more than15, scholarly, empirical, current sources (since 2000) that are directly related to your topic.
Sources can include the various scholarly books and journal articles that have been assigned as part of the weekly readings throughout the course. Use the link to the Liberty University Research Portal in the assigned reading this module to obtain additional journal resources. Be sure that you select a variety of respected sources.
For each annotation, you will give a description of the value of the source for the Final Briefing Paper, as well as of the author’s credibility.
Items to include are outlined as follows:
· Number of Annotations: a minimum of 10 but no more than15
· Length of Annotations: 200-250 words each
· Format of assignment: Current Turabian Format
· Acceptable Annotations: any course assigned readings, scholarly articles, empirical journals, published within the last 20 years that are directly related to the topic.
Note: Your assignment will be checked for originality via the Turnitin plagiarism tool.
July 3, 2022

US Policy towards China Trade
a. The geopolitical rivalry has intensified through the trade war between the US and China (Christensen, 2006).
b. The US and China trade diversity was aimed to affect the global value chains that would influence industry structure, innovation, and investments.
c. Thesis: The US policy has helped in the enhancement of the growth of complex economic trade relationships with China
I. Phase One Trade Deal
a. The United States and China agreed on the historical and enforceable agreement on the Phase One trade deal.
b. The Phase is involved in the structural reforms and economic change of China and the trade regime.
c. The policy aims to improve the trading currency, intellectual property, technological transfer, and Agricultural supply.
d. China had to increase the purchase of US goods that the latter exports to enhance the trade relationship.
e. In 2020 and 2021, China made at least $200 billion in purchases of US exports hence expanding the trading market and integration (Bown, 2021).
II. Export promotion and controls
a. Free exports and import costs have helped the United States to import more from China than any other country due to the lack of inaction of import restrictions between the two countries.
b. A thorough inspection of goods imported and expected is done to ensure that the interests of poor quality are not traded.
III. Open Door Policy
a. The fear of the US government being forced out of the Chinese market by other countries led to the establishment of the Open-door policy (Lu, 2018).
b. The policy was aimed to ensure that the United States would not lose the ability to trade with China.
c. The policy ensured that power was reduced to countries with more influence on the Chinese market.
a. The Us policy has helped enhance the growth of complex economic trade relationships with China.
b. The prominent policies used by the United States toward China trade include the Phase one trade deal, export controls, promotion, and the Open-door policy.

Christensen, T. J. (2006). Fostering stability or creating a monster? The rise of China and US policy toward East Asia.International Security,31(1), 81-126.
Lu, F. (2018). China-US trade disputes in 2018: An overview. China & World Economy,26(5), 83-103.
Bown, C. P. (2021). The US-China trade war and Phase One agreement. Journal of Policy Modeling,43(4), 805-843.

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