HOM 5

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Quiz Instructions
Instructions: This assignment is regarding measures of central tendency. It is related to your Chapter 2 (Salkind) material. It is not timed but assignment must be submitted by the specified due date.
Always save a copy of your responses to the individual assignments before you submit them (either by taking a picture of your answers or by copying and pasting your answers into a word document). You will need them for you discussion assignment and you will not always have access to your responses after you submit them.
QUESTION 1
Below are some data from 19 college students about the total number of hours they slept on Wednesday night (the data are made up, but they do actually reflect real patterns of what sleep looks like in college students!). You’ll need these data to answer the next several questions.
Number of hours slept on Wednesday Night:

8

7

8

7

7

6

5

5

6

6

7

5

8

9

8

8

7

7

9
A) What is the mean for number of hours slept on Wednesday (round your answer to three decimal points).
B) What is the mode for number of hours slept on Wednesday night?
C) What is the median for number of hours slept on Wednesdsay night?
QUESTION2
Below are some data from 19 college students about the total number of hours they slept on Saturday night (the data are made up, but they do actually reflect real patterns of what sleep looks like in college students!). You’ll need these data to answer the next several questions.
Number of Hours Slept on Saturday Night

10

10

8

9

6

7

7

9

10

2

7

8

9

3

9

9

10

8

9
A) What is the mean for number of hours slept on Saturday night? (round your answer to three decimal points)
B) What is the mode for number of hours slept on Saturday night?
C) What is the median for number of hours slept on Saturday night?
QUESTION
Is the Mean a good representation of the data for Wednesday night? How about for Saturday Night? Does it give you a good sense of what the data are like? Why or why not? For this question, I want you to think about when we would or would not want to use the mean, and think about whether the data seem to fit that situation or not.There are a few ways to answer this question correctly, as long as you justify your response with correct information, you will get credit.
QUESTION:
Is the Mode a good representation of the data for Wednesday night? How about for Saturday Night? Does it give you a good sense of what the data are like? Why or why not? There are a few ways to answer this question correctly, as long as you justify your response with correct information, you will get credit.
QUESTION
Is the Median a good representation of the data for Wednesday night? How about for Saturday Night? Does it give you a good sense of what the data are like? Why or why not? There are a few ways to answer this question correctly, as long as you justify your response with correct information, you will get credit.
QUESTION
What do you notice about the difference between the amount of sleep people seem to get on Wednesday versus Saturday nights?
QUESTION
Which measure of central tendency (the mean, median or the mode) best describes the pattern of data for Wednesday night? What about for Saturday night? Explain and defend your answer.
Chapter Two (Salkind)
Means To An End
Computing and Understanding Averages
Welcome!
I hope you enjoyed our detour into Smith and Davis, with our focus on research ideas, research questions, variables and control, and cultural issues in research methods. We will return to Smith and Davis next semester, so you can put away that book for now
Now we get back to statistics using the Salkind textbook! Are you ready! (No worries – you might actually find this enjoyable!)
In this chapter, we will discuss our first mechanism for really understanding the organization of our data: descriptive statistics
2
Descriptive vs Inferential Statistics
Recall Descriptive Statistics from Salkind’s Chapter 1
Descriptive statistics organize and describe the characteristics of a collection of data (or data sets)
These statistics are very “descriptive” in nature
Contrast them with inferential statistics, where we try to make inferences from a small group (a sample) to a larger group (a population)
Part of the descriptive nature of statistics involves assessing the very nature of the data set in hand. This might involve searching for a single number around which the data “pool” together. Yep, I am talking about an “average” score!
3
Averages
Our first descriptive statistic task is figuring out a single value that best represents and describes an entire group of scores
Consider an average score. The average on our last quiz might be 95% or it might be 65%. Which score is better?
If you focus on 95%, this number can tell you a lot about the intelligence of the class, the simplicity of the exam, or the great teaching ability of the instructor!
If you focus on 65%, that number might tell you about the class’s lack of intelligence or the toughness of the test (the teaching ability of the instructor is always great!)
4
But an average isn’t the only number that can clue us in to the nature of the data set. In this chapter, we will look at several different “Measures of Central Tendency”
The mean
The median
The mode
Measures of Central Tendency
5
An Overview of This Chapter
In this chapter we cover the following items …
Part One: Scales of Measurement
Part Two: Computing the Mean
Part Three: Computing the Median
Part Four: Computing the Mode
Part Five: When to Use What
Part Six: Using the Computer and Computing Descriptives
Part Seven: An Eye Toward The Future
6
Part One
Scales of Measurement
Scales of Measurement – NOIR
You won’t find much information about scales of measurement in your Salkind textbook (there is a nice chapter in Smith and Davis Chapter 9 that we will cover in Research Methods and Design II next semester), but it is important to bring up at least a little right now, as such scales will come in hand this chapter
In a nutshell, specific statistical tests are based on specific kinds of variables. Some tests, like a t-Test or ANOVA, require that our dependent variable be assessed on a continuous scale (ratio or interval). Other tests (like a chi square) can use DVs that are nominal or ordinal.
Scales of Measurement
NOIR
Scales of Measurement – NOIR
Nominal
A nominal scale is categorical in nature
Ordinal
An ordinal scale includes rankings
Interval
An interval scale includes rankings and a continuous scale
Ratio
A ratio include rankings, a scale, and it has a zero point
Nominal
Nominal
A nominal scale is categorical in nature
Think about a yes / no answer option here, or a multiple choice response. You have different response options, but one is not necessarily better or worse than another
For example, if I asked people their ethnicity, they could say Caucasian, Hispanic, Asian, etc. For this variable, it doesn’t make sense to say one is worse than the other. Rather, they are merely different in terms of a category
Ordinal
Ordinal
An ordinal scale includes rankings
Think about a rank order here, like first place, second place, and third place in a race
Although the order (for ordinal) is set (1st, 2nd, 3rd), 1st and 2nd place might be really close (cross the finish line within seconds) the 3rd place is far away (two minutes)
Here, ALL you know is the order. The distances between the listed items might vary
Interval
Interval
An interval scale includes rankings and a continuous scale
Interval variables include a ranking plus they have set distances between items.
Think about a scale asking, “How frustrated are you?”
Here, you have a ranking (1 is lower than 2, etc.) AND it has set distances (Same distance between 1 and 2 as 4 and 5)
1 2 3 4 5
Not at all Somewhat Very
12
Ratio
Ratio
A ratio include rankings, a scale, and a zero point
This is a lot like a ratio scale, but here it has a zero point
For example, if I test you on 20 questions, the worst you can get is 0 out of 20. You can’t get lower than that!
Coming up in Methods and Design II
We will delve more into the four NOIR scales next semester in Research Methods and Design II, but I wanted to introduce the idea here, as the mean, median, and mode often rely on which scale of measurement the researcher uses.
Part Two
Computing the Mean
Computing The Mean
Measures of Central Tendency – The Mean
The mean is the average of all scores in a distribution
This value is dependent on each score in a distribution
It is the most widely used and informative measure of central tendency.
Okay, are you ready for our first formula for the semester? Yay!
Measures of Central Tendency – The Mean
The mean is the average of all scores in a distribution
The mean is the most widely used and informative measure of center, and is often expressed as:
= Often called the “X bar” (this is “the mean”)
∑ = The Greek letter “Sigma” (the sum of numbers)
χ = The individual scores in the data set
n = The size of the sample from which you compute the mean
The Mean Formula
Example: Mean
Suppose we look at the conviction rates of spousal abusers arrested by Miami police officers. We have a sample of ten police officers who arrest abusers over a one year period.
Using data from ten police officers (Subjects 1 through 10, or S1 through S10), we can examine the “average” number of convictions across all ten officers over this period …
The Mean for the # Convictions = 13.5

135
# Convictions
S7 65 +
S5 24 +
S3 12 +
S4 12 +
S9 8 +
S2 6 +
S8 4 +
S10 2 +
S1 1 +
S6 1 =
Example Mean Calculation
Woohoo!
Measures of Central Tendency – The Mean
Yea! We just finished our first statistical formula. East, right!
Of course, there are a few things to remember …
The Mean:and M
Measures of Central Tendency – The Mean
Things to Remember
In the prior formula for the mean, the mean was represented by the letter . Sometimes, though, you will see the letter M
For example, in the sentence, “The participants found less evidence of injury in the car crash case (M = 5.67) than the bus crash case (M = 8.98)”, you know the average score for the car crash case is 5.67 compared to the average 8.98 score in the bus crash case.
In mathematical formulas, a small n usually represents a sample size while a capital N represents the population.
Sample
Population
N vs n in Mean Formulas
Arithmetic Mean
Measures of Central Tendency – The Mean
Things to Remember
The sample mean often reflects the population mean (but not always – a representative sample always helps!)
The mean is often the central number in a data set, since subtracting all deviations of the mean from the mean will result in zero (this is the arithmetic mean)
Arithmetic Mean Example
Imagine a mean of 4: (3 + 4 + 5 = 12/3 = 4).
Now, find the difference between each score and the mean (3 – 4 = -1 4 – 4 = 05 – 4 = 1)
Now add up the deviations from each mean
-1 + 0 + 1= zero!
In other words, some scores in the dataset are above the mean, some are below and if you add up those differences you’ll get zero!
The mean is sensitive to outliers!
Just remember that the mean is sensitive to extreme scores (high and low)
Consider our police officer data again …
# Convictions
S7 65 +
S5 24 +
S3 12 +
S4 12 +
S9 8 +
S2 6 +
S8 4 +
S10 2 +
S1 1 +
S6 1 =
Mean forthe # Convictions = 13.5

Note that only 2 out of the 10 officers are above the mean
135
S7 and S5 are above the mean
# Convictions

S3 12 +
S4 12 +
S9 8 +
S2 6 +
S8 4 +
S10 2 +
S1 1 +
S6 1 =
Now the Mean = 5.5
Our mean score drops from 13.5 to just 5.5 if we get rid of those two outliers (the really high scores).
The mean is impacted by EVERY score in the data set

46
What if we remove them?
What is the mean for this group of scores?
A). 96.76
B). 101.12
C). 106.93
D). 107.28
E). 111.13
IQ
89
92
103
104
108
121
134
Pop-Quiz 1: Quiz Yourself
IQ
89
92
103
104
108
121
134
What is the mean for this group of scores?
A). 96.76
B). 101.12
C). 106.93
D). 107.29
E). 111.13
Answer 1: D
Pop-Quiz 2: Quiz Yourself
What does this symbol … ∑… mean?
A). Delta – the sum total
B). Alpha – the average
C). Sigma – the sum total
D). Eta – the average
E). Mu – the sum total
Answer 2: C
What does this symbol … ∑… mean?
A). Delta – the sum total
B). Alpha – the average
C). Sigma – the sum total
D). Eta – the average
E). Mu – the sum total
Yay!
Congratulations, you got through your first statistical formula in this course! Not too bad, huh!
Weighted Mean
Computing a Weighted Mean
Now, sometimes listing ALL means can be a huge chore. A weighted mean analysis is much easier to calculate.
Here, multiply the value of a score by the frequency of that score’s occurrence. Then add the total and divide by the total number of occurrences. How about an example?
Imagine Exam grades (out of 20). Nine students got 20, eight got 19, five got 18, seven got 17, fourteen got 16, two got 15, one got 14, and two got 12
Etc.! The total is 833, so M = 17.35
Now we could use the standard mean formula, but it is a lot of scores to compute by hand!
9 students (20): 20 + 20 + 20 + 20 + 20 + 20 + 20 + 20 + 20
8 students (19): 19 + 19 + 19 + 19 + 19 + 19 + 19 + 19
5 students (19): 18 + 18 + 18 + 18 + 18
7 students (17): 17 + 17 + 17 + 17 + 17 + 17 + 17
14 students (16): 16 + 16 + 16 + 16 + 16 + 16 + 16 + 16 + 16 + 16 + 16 + 16 + 16 + 16
Weighted Mean Example
Value (out of 20) Frequency Count Value X Frequency
20 9
(there are 9 students with scores of 20) 180
(20 x 9 = 180)
19 8 152
18 5 90
17 7 119
16 14 224
15 2 30
14 1 14
12 2 24
Total
Computing The Weighted Mean
Computing The Weighted Mean (2)
Value (out of 20) Frequency Count Value X Frequency
20 9 180
19 8 152
18 5 90
17 7 119
16 14 224
15 2 30
14 1 14
12 2 24
Total (Total # of Students)48 833
Reporting the Mean
When reporting means, use Roman letters (likeor M) for a sample and Greek letters (like µ) for populations.
“Children with high creativity scores ( = 25) were chosen from among their peers (µ = 176) to participate in the study.”
“Children with high creativity scores ( = 25) were chosen from among their peers (µ = 176) to participate in the study.”
or
Which symbol is most appropriate for the sample mean?
A). X
B).
C). ∑
D). µ
Pop-Quiz 3: Quiz Yourself
Answer 3: B
Which symbol is most appropriate for the sample mean?
A). X
B).
C). ∑
D). µ
M would also be acceptable!
Part Three
Computing the Median
The Median
Measures of Central Tendency – The Median
The median is the central score in an ordered distribution (or the middle score, with half above and half below)
Unlike the mean, the median is relatively insensitive to outliers (extreme high or low scores don’t affect it much)
Half the scores fall above the median; half fall below
It is best used when …
data are “ordinal” (that is, they are ranked)OR
If the data is interval but it does not meet the statistical requirements needed for the mean (outliers are present)
How to Compute the Median
Steps in calculating the median
1). List all values IN ORDER (either highest to lowest or lowest to highest is fine, but it must be in order)
2). Find the middle-most score. That’s the median!
Consider our officer data again. Let’s say that we have both arrest rates for each officer (over a twelve month period) as well as the conviction rates for the spousal assaulters the officers arrested …
The Median
Spousal assault cases over twelve months for ten police officers who responded to the calls
What is the Median for the # Arrests
Ok, it may be easier to reorder the values first!
Let’s look at arrests
# Arrests # Convictions
S1 5 1
S2 9 6
S3 48 12
S4 62 12
S5 26 24
S6 26 1
S7 84 65
S8 5 4
S9 26 8
S10 8 2
Example Median Data
# Arrests
S7 84
S4 62
S3 48
S5 26
S6 26
S9 26
S2 9
S10 8
S1 5
S8 5
Arranged from high to low
What is the Median for the # Arrests = 26
Half the scores fall above; half below
Example Median Calculation
{
# Arrests
S7 84
S4 62
S3 48
S5 26
S6 26
S9 12
S2 9
S10 8
S1 5
S8 5
Now what is the Median for the # Arrests?
Add middle numbers
26 + 12 = 38
Divide by two
38 / 2 = 19
Another Median Calculation
# Arrests for 11 officers
S7 84
S4 62
S3 48
S5 26
S6 26
S9 12
S2 9
S10 8
S1 5
S8 5
S11 4
The Median
Now, given an 11th officer (S11), what is the Median for the # Arrests?
Median for the # Arrests = 12
Another Median Calculation
with 11 Officers
Percentile
The median can utilize percentile points (the percentage of cases equal to and below a certain point in a distribution)
A score in the 95th percentile means that the score is at or above 95 percent of all scores in the distribution
The median is at the 50th percentile (often called the Q2).
Q1 is the 25th percentile while Q3 is the 75th percentile
The Median is Not Sensitive to Outliers
Unlike the mean, the median is not sensitive to outliers. This is important, as the median is less affected by really high or really low numbers to the same extent as the mean.
Recall our officer arrest rates
What is the mean and what is the median in the following data set? …
# Arrests
S7 84
S4 62
S3 48
S5 26
S6 26
S9 26
S2 9
S10 8
S1 5
S8 5
What was the Median for the # Arrests again? 26
What is the Mean?
299 / 10 = 29.9
The mean is larger than the median, probably because it is being pulled higher by that large 84 for subject #7.
Remove subject #7 and the mean becomes 23.88 while the median remains 26!
Mean vs. Median
More Examples
Let’s see how this affects a score with even greater outliers in our officer conviction rates.
Again, consider our table …
# Convictions
S7 65
S5 24
S3 12
S4 12
S9 8
S2 6
S8 4
S10 2
S1 1
S6 1
Median for the # Convictions = 7
But is 7 a good middle point for data that ranges from 1 to 65?
Median’s do not take into account outliers!
More Median Examp.
In this example, the range of arrests differs but the medians are the same
Median is 14 for both
Mean Arrests 1 =13.3
Mean Arrests 2 = 25
The mean for arrests 2 takes into account those three big numbers for S8, S9, and S10
# Arrests 1 # Arrests 2
S1 1 3
S2 4 4
S3 6 4
S4 9 4
S5 14 14
S6 14 14
S7 18 27
S8 19 47
S9 22 59
S10 26 82
Mean vs. Median
(again)
Reporting the Median
Always keep in mind that outliers distort, or skew, the central point of a data set. This impacts the mean, but not the median
In journal articles, you might see the median expressed as “Med” or “Mdn”.
Pop-Quiz 4: Quiz Yourself
What is the median for this group of scores
A). 92
B). 103
C). 104
D). 108
E). 121
IQ
89
92
103
104
108
121
134
Answer 4: C
What is the median for this group of scores
A). 92
B). 103
C). 104
D). 108
E). 121
IQ
89
92
103
104
108
121
134
Pop-Quiz 5: Quiz Yourself
What is the median for this group of scores
A). 92
B). 103
C). 104
D). 106
E). 121
IQ
89
92
103
104
108
121
134
143
Answer 5: D
What is the median for this group of scores
A). 92
B). 103
C). 104
D). 106
E). 121
(104 + 108) = (212 / 2) = 106
IQ
89
92
103
104
108
121
134
143
Part Four
Computing the Mode
The Mode
The mode is the most frequent (commonly occurring) score in a distribution. As such, it is the simplest measure of center to calculate, but also the least precise
Scores other than the most frequent are not considered
Neglects the magnitude of scores in the distribution
Most often associated with nominal scales
Computing The Mode
Steps for computing the mode
1. List all distribution values (but list each value only once)
2. Tally the number of occurrences for each value
3. The value that occurs most frequently is the mode!
Rather than a numeric “score”, the mode is based more on category membership. Just because an item is in Category A doesn’t mean it is necessarily better than a Category B item. That is, we use a nominal scale of measurement
The Mode is Good for Nominal Data
Examples of Nominal Data:
Most purchased food on a menu
Pizza, hamburgers, salad, fish, meat loaf, etc.
Number of men and women in our class
Males, females
Vehicles on the road
Trucks, SUV’s, compacts, sedans, minivans, etc.
Genres of movies
Horror, Comedy, Action, Romance
What is the Mode for the # Arrests: 26
What is the Mode for # Convictions? 11
Okay, one more …
# Arrests # Convictions
S1 5 1
S2 9 6
S3 48 11
S4 62 11
S5 26 24
S6 28 9
S7 84 65
S8 5 4
S9 26 8
S10 8 2
Example Mode Calculation
Pop-Quiz 6: Quiz Yourself
What is the mode in this data set
A). 656
B). 456
C). 405
D). 399
E). None of these
Year in College Number or Frequency
Freshman 656
Sophomore 456
Junior 405
Senior 399
Answer 6: E
What is the mode in this data set
A). 656
B). 456
C). 405
D). 399
E). None of these
If you said “656”, you are … WRONG!The mode is Freshman. There are more Freshman than all other categories
Year in College Number or Frequency
Freshman 656
Sophomore 456
Junior 405
Senior 399
Categories
Category membership is very important here, so make sure to focus on the label of a category rather than the number of times a category occurs.
Yet sometimes it is easy to get confused when the category label is a number itself. Our officer data is like this. The most frequent arrest category might be 11 arrests (that category occurs most frequently), but the number 11 is actually moreimportant as a category rather than as a number. Suppose I gave out colors rather than numbers for the officer data …
What is the Mode for the # Arrests?
What is the mode for convictions?
# Arrests # Convictions
S1 red pink
S2 green black
S3 brown red
S4 blue red
S5 purple maroon
S6 purple yellow
S7 beige grey
S8 maroon orange
S9 yellow aqua
S10 orange white
Another Example Mode
Calculation
What is the Mode for the # Arrests? Purple!
What is the mode for convictions? Red!
The frequency of CATEGORIES matter, not necessarily numbers
Of course, red and purple arrests are odd to think about, so let’s go back to numbers again.
# Arrests # Convictions
S1 red pink
S2 green black
S3 brown red
S4 blue red
S5 purple maroon
S6 purple yellow
S7 beige grey
S8 maroon orange
S9 yellow aqua
S10 orange white
Another Example Mode
Calculation: Answer
More than one mode?
When you find the mode, sometimes you might come across multiple modes. Consider our officer “number” data …
What is the Mode for the # Arrests?
What is the Mode for the # Convictions?
# Arrests # Convictions
S1 5 1
S2 9 6
S3 48 12
S4 62 12
S5 26 24
S6 26 9
S7 84 65
S8 5 4
S9 26 8
S10 8 2
Okay, now you practice!
What’s the Mode?
What is the Mode for the # Arrests = 26
What is the Mode for the # Convictions = 12
# Arrests # Convictions
S1 5 1
S2 9 6
S3 48 12
S4 62 12
S5 26 24
S6 26 9
S7 84 65
S8 5 4
S9 26 8
S10 8 2
Did you get it?
Now what is the Mode for the # Convictions?
# Arrests # Convictions
S1 5 1
S2 9 6
S3 48 12
S4 62 12
S5 26 24
S6 26 9
S7 84 65
S8 5 8
S9 26 8
S10 8 2
Okay, now try this one:
Now what is the Mode for the # Convictions
12 / 8 Bimodal now!
Yes, we can have data sets with multiple modes. Even our officer color data might be bimodal …
# Arrests # Convictions
S1 5 1
S2 9 6
S3 48 12
S4 62 12
S5 26 24
S6 26 9
S7 84 65
S8 5 8
S9 26 8
S10 8 2
Uh oh! Two Modes?
What is the Mode for the # Arrests? Purple and Green
What is the mode for convictions? Black and Red
# Arrests # Convictions
S1 red black
S2 green black
S3 green red
S4 blue red
S5 purple maroon
S6 purple yellow
S7 beige grey
S8 maroon orange
S9 yellow aqua
S10 orange white
Bimodal Datasets
Things to Remember about The Mode
Just remember that categories must be mutually exclusive
That is, items cannot belong to more than one category at a time when you focus on the mode
You cannot be both a sophomore and a junior
You cannot be both black and red
You cannot be both male and female (though you could add another category to include transgender people)
Part Five
When To Use What
When To Use What?
When should you use the mean, median, or mode to describe your data? Which one is the best?
It depends on how the variable is measured (Remember NOIR?)
When is it best to use the mode?
If you use a categorical, qualitative, or nominal variable, you must use the mode
For Example, let’s say we ask children to name their favorite color. Ten say red, three say blue, six say green.
So what is the mean color preference?
That question makes no sense, right? You could add ten and three and six to get nineteen students, and divide by … what? Is the mean color somewhere between red and blue?
When you deal with categories, use the mode!
When is it best to use the median?
If you are using data that is quantitative in nature (there is a high to low or low to high ranking of data), either the median or the mean might be best
The median is best used when there is an extreme score or outlier.
Remember, the median is less sensitive to outliers than the mean
The mean is best when there are no outliers, as it is more precise than the median
If you have a nice, normal curve (not too many high or low scores), use the mean!
When is it best to use the mean?
The mean is often thought of as an economic measurement tool while the median is a social measurement tool. Think about buying and selling real-estate
The mean might be used to describe the average value of a portfolio of houses being offered for sale by a particular real estate agent (they want to include high end home values)
However, someone wanting to buy a home from a real estate agent might want to use the median or middle house value. This is because the median does not alter when there are extreme values (outliers) in a data set.
Example: When To Use What?
To illustrate, imagine two real estate agents have the following sales (30 = 30,000)
Agent A: 30 40 50 60 70.Mean = 50 and median = 50
Agent B: 30 40 50 60 700.Mean = 176 and median = 50
The value 700 is an outlier for Agent B
Here, the mean is not as helpful as the median.
As a home buyer, you may be leery of seeking the help of an agent with a mean of $167,000, but not $50,000
Yet as a home seller, your realtor might list their mean sales of $167,000 (rather than the median $50,000), as using the mean makes them look really effective!
Pop-Quiz 7: Quiz Yourself
Last year, a fast food outlet in a beachside city paid 3 kitchen hands $16,000 per year each, 2 supervisors $22,000 each, and the owner $85,000. What is the mode?
A). $29,500
B). $19,000
C). $16,000
D). $14,500
E). $12,000
Answer 7: C
Last year, a fast food outlet in a beachside city paid 3 kitchen hands $16,000 per year each, 2 supervisors $22,000 each, and the owner $85,000. What is the mode?
A). $29,500
B). $19,000
C). $16,000
D). $14,500
E). $12,000
Pop-Quiz 8: Quiz Yourself
Last year, a fast food outlet in a beachside city paid 3 kitchen hands $16,000 per year each, 2 supervisors $22,000 each, and the owner $85,000. What is the median?
A). $29,500
B). $19,000
C). $16,000
D). $14,500
E). $12,000
Answer 8: B
Last year, a fast food outlet in a beachside city paid 3 kitchen hands $16,000 per year each, 2 supervisors $22,000 each, and the owner $85,000. What is the median?
A). $29,500
B). $19,000
C). $16,000
D). $14,500
E). $12,000
Owner $85,000
Supervisor #1 $22,000
Supervisor #2 $22,000
Kitchen Hand #1 $16,000
Kitchen Hand #2 $16,000
Kitchen Hand #3 $16,000
Pop-Quiz 9: Quiz Yourself
Last year, a fast food outlet in a beachside city paid 3 kitchen hands $16,000 per year each, 2 supervisors $22,000 each, and the owner $85,000. What is the mean?
A). $29,500
B). $19,000
C). $16,000
D). $14,500
E). $12,000
Answer 9: B
Last year, a fast food outlet in a beachside city paid 3 kitchen hands $16,000 per year each, 2 supervisors $22,000 each, and the owner $85,000. What is the mean?
A). $29,500
B). $19,000
C). $16,000
D). $14,500
E). $12,000

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