Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that obesity can be solved by appropriate caloric consumption and replacing unhealthy food options in vending machines on college campuses. More accessible to healthy foods!
Central Idea: Obesity is a social problem and calorie consumption should be regulated because it improves your mental and physical health.
I. How many of you catch yourself buying fast foods to snack on, even when you’re not hungry? Although you may not realize this, with each bite of fast food, you increase the chances of being obese, getting diabetes, cancer, and other types of diseases that isn’t beneficial to your health.
II. Today, my goal is to encourage all of you to have a voice and spread awareness of the unhealthy food options provided by our university.
III. Being a college student myself, I have realized there is no limit to the amount of unhealthy foods consumed daily. Since healthy food is not easily accessible in a college setting, students usually turn to foods like chips and other snacks to fulfill their hunger temporarily.
IV. Every student here is a member of the UIC community. A change needs to be implemented in order to increase awareness and improve the health of our fellow peers. One way we can take action is by replacing unhealthy food options with fruits and vegetables in vending machines and stores on campus. If we do this at UIC and it becomes successful, we can use it as a model to help other college campuses provide more healthy options for students.
V. In my speech, I will explain how being surrounded by fast foods will increase the number of calories consumed along with health diseases. I will also go in depth on how making a change to the food system will improve the health of many students, mentally and physically.
Transition: Let’s begin by taking a look at the foods being sold in our university and the effects it has on a person once consumed.
I. Too many unhealthy foods on our college campus
A. When observing UIC’s campus, there’s vending machines and stores located in almost every building where it is accessible to students. When going to the library, you can spot students snacking on junk food, creating temptations.
1. According to a recent study conducted by Harvard’s medical school, people are more likely to buy food even if they’re not hungry. They stated, “brain and visual system development intimately linked to acquisition of food” (Charles Spence).
2.. By simply viewing these products, one will feel obligated to buy it themselves. Students will consume food when feeling stressed or under pressure, which is inevitable on a college campus. When a person eats, an increase of dopamine is released in the brain that replace the feelings of stress and anxiety. By eating the foods presented in vending machines, it will increase the risks of damages done to your body.
B. Another point that has an effect in food consumption is being surrounded by a group of people that are also eating. According to US National Library of Medicine, adults eat 30-50% more in groups than when alone. Social facilitation is defined as an increase in behavior merely from the sight or sound of others engaged in the same behavior. Because of this, you will most likely find yourself eating in the next hour since you observed others doing so.
C. According to the same article, a hypothesis was provided for the mechanism of the effect. The arousal hypothesis states that when a person is surrounded by a large group, it will result to a faster eating rate and greater consumption.
1. The time extension hypothesis states that larger group sizes increase social interaction which extends the meal duration. It will increase the time an individual is in the presence of food which will result to a greater intake. By replacing fast foods with healthy ones, especially in groups, an individual will benefit their health by eating right and gaining less weight as opposed to eating wrong.
Transition: Although students are aware of the risks they put themselves in when eating fast foods, sometimes these foods are the only accessible factor presented to them.
II. Unhealthy food is the cheapest and the healthy food is expensive
A. Being a college student living on campus has its positives and negatives. When living on campus, you are able to stay in task with your classes, but aren’t able to afford much because of tuition.
1. In majority of college campuses, fatty foods are very cheap and easily accessible as opposed to nutritional foods. Many college students live off of chips and ramen since the food does its job making them feel full. Fruit cups and salads are more expensive than chips, which is why many decide to proceed with the cheaper option.
2. According to an article posted in the website Healthline, nearly 60% of college students are “food insecure”. In another study found in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, it mentions that 59% of students at a midsize university in Oregon were food insecure at some point during the previous year. This means that students had limited or uncertain access to nutritious and safe foods on campus.
By spreading awareness of the food insecurity, we can help make a change in the cost of nutritional foods and accessibly.
C. In 2011, Michelle Obama implemented a healthy school lunch program to children in schools. We can see people like Michelle Obama investing her time and energy in this topic which clearly highlights that this a topic to focus on.
Transition: Obesity is a disease everyone is at risk for. It is important to know the risk factors in order to make a change in the food system provided at UIC. I will now provide ways us students, can make an impact in the food system.
I. We can satisfy the need of increasing awareness of the benefits to having nutritional foods being accessible to college students.
A. We can start by spreading awareness of the unhealthy food options provided on campus.
1. Students are aware of the unhealthy foods provided in the college community yet they are not taking action in regulating this social issue.
2.. If we take action and stop buying junk food, the campus staff will realize the decrease in sales. With this, they will question the problem and figure out the solution – which is increasing healthy options at an affordable price.
B. We can sign a petition to replace unhealthy foods with healthy ones in vending machines and stores, presenting it to the chancellor.
1. We can easily create a petition, sign it & present it to chancellor.
C. We can also volunteer in UIC’s kitchen to incorporate healthy diets
1. You can start by getting a group of friends, finding an organization on campus and spread your voice on the topic through others.
2. The most important step we can take is to motivate each other to eat right to encourage healthier eating habits. We can do this by creating posters that provides the types of food we should eat and what they do to your body.
II. By understanding the cons UIC’s food system has, it can unite students together and educate one another on the social issue. Spreading awareness and making a change can encourage them to have a voice and help others along with themselves
A. Now that we are aware on how we can take action, we should also be aware of the benefits that come from having a voice!
1. It’s easy to sign a petition, but it’s hard to meet with chancellor. Once you take action by having a voice, you are starting to take a step in the right direction.
2. Once a petition is signed and passed, an increase of healthy foods will be presented on campus. Not only will this benefit the students personally, it will also make UIC have a great reputation for taking action on the social problems students have.
B. Volunteering is always a right thing to do for any organization, because we share similar views while also welcoming new ideas.
1. When volunteering, you have the opportunity to unite with others to make a change. You share similar views with others and create bonds that can last a lifetime, all while making a change.
C. Having a voice involves motivation.
1. Motivating your fellow peers will increase the chances of spreading the word out to others on campus. As the awareness of the food system grows, students will be educated on what is going in their bodies and how they can control it.
Transition: There is always hope for a change. Once work and effort is put towards the goal, we will be closer to establishing an important topic.
I. Decreasing the chances of health diseases at UIC will not end without the help of the students in the community.
II. I have presented several options of ways your voice can impact the food system. With these opportunities, you are able to encourage others to speak up and create a positive change on the food system. If this becomes successful, we can use this as a model to influence other colleges to take action as well.
i. [Vivid Ending – I would like to encourage you all to make a difference on campus. You are capable of making a change, and since the opportunity is there, you can take it. We need to unite as a community and care for each other. As a wise man once said, “Permanent results only come from permanent changes in diet and lifestyle”. Have the voice that will make that change. Thank you. REFERENCES
Lapp, Julia L., et al. “College Students, Vending Machines, and Improving Nutritional Choices: The Effects of Adding Healthier Foods on Perceptions of Vending Machines.” International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health, vol. 5, no. 1, Jan. 2014, pp. 16–33. inderscienceonline.com (Atypon), doi:10.1504/IJFSNPH.2014.063502.
Chef Ann Foundation – Changing School Food Changed My Life. http://www.chefannfoundation.org/news-media/the-lunch-line-blog/changing-school-food-changed-my-life/. Accessed 28 April 2018.
Lumeng, Julie C., and Katherine H. Hillman. “Eating in Larger Groups Increases Food Consumption.” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 92, no. 5, May 2007, pp. 384–87. PubMed Central, doi:10.1136/adc.2006.103259
Nearly 60 Percent of College Students Are “Food Insecure.” https://www.healthline.com/health-news/food-nearly-60-percent-of-college-students-food-insecure-013014#1. Accessed 28 April 2018.
Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act | Food and Nutrition Service. https://www.fns.usda.gov/tags/healthy-hunger-free-kids-act-0. Accessed 28 April 2018
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