FINAL

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publicAdministration
ATTACHED FILE(S)
PADM 501
Essay Assignment Instructions
Overview
You will be asked to respond to a broad-based question about public administration.You will be asked to demonstrate critical thinking about a controversial issue in public administration and take a position on which course of action would be the best approach for public administrators.
Instructions
You will be asked to respond to a broad-based question about public administration.You will be asked to demonstrate critical thinking about a controversial issue in public administration and take a position on which course of action would be the best approach for public administrators.
Final Essay Question:How is public administration different from private management?What are the implications of these differences for the public administrator in the areas of a) decision making; b) human resource management; and (c) Classical Organizational Theory
Items to include are outlined as follows:
· An abstract, introduction, background on the issue, detailed presentation of the importance of the issue, discussion of possible solutions, and a recommendation for the solution.
· Two tables and/or figures to help convey key points.
· Length of assignment: 2-3 pages, excluding tables, figures, title page and reference page.
· Format of assignment: APA
· Number of citations: 5
· Acceptable sources include scholarly articles published within the last five years.
Note: Your assignment will be checked for originality via the Turnitin plagiarism tool.
Classical Organization Theory 2
Classical Organizational Theory 2
Classical Organizational Theory
Treylesia Alston
Liberty University
PADM501
Dr. Russell
June 5, 2022
Abstract Comment by Dr. Tamika Russell: If you are going to include an abstract, it should always be on a separate page by itself directly following the title page.
Introduction Comment by Dr. Tamika Russell: Headings should be in bold.
An organizational theorist is one who studies “the formal structure, internal operations, and external environment of complex human behavior in organizations,” according to (Cleaver, 2019). Basically speaking, organizational theory is concerned with how issues are handled inside an organization in order to attain the best potential production and efficiency. Organizational theory has evolved throughout time, resulting in substantial alterations in both the theory and practice of the subject matter. In the topic of classical organizational theory, Max Weber and Frederick Taylor are two notable figures. Comment by Dr. Tamika Russell: This intro is very good. But you did not mention your public administration issue. I can tell that you working very hard to apply my previous feedback.
Details of the issues
Max Weber, a sociologist and political economist from Germany, was a pioneer in both fields. His most famous idea of bureaucracy, which he developed in the late nineteenth century, is generally understood to refer to a certain kind of social structure (Paais, 2020).. There are many names for this idea, including the Max Weber theory, bureaucratic management theory, and bureaucratic management theory. Weber believed that the use of bureaucracy was the most efficient method available when it came to the process of establishing an organization. According to his understanding of the term “bureaucracy,” a bureaucracy is an organization that is both impersonal and highly structured. According to, ” Weber’s model was supposed to show what makes a government bureaucracy work well. He used a model that was both simple and complicated. Seth Godin’s idea of a perfect bureaucracy had five important parts: division of labor and functional specialization; hierarchy; a clear set of rules and procedures; career orientation; impersonality; and formal selection. It is very important to remember that Weber’s theory was shaped by the facts of history at the time he lived. The patronage system was used to choose public officials for the whole time he was in charge. His plan was “a blueprint for professional and well-run merit-based firms,” which was a way to fix the patronage system (Cleaver, 2019, p. #). His concept was widely approved of in Europe at the turn of the 20th century; yet, it wasn’t until the 1940s that it was rendered into the English language (Haveman, 2019). His model was an exact depiction of the development that was going on in Europe at that precise period. In general, the objective of Weber’s bureaucratic model was to provide the organization with the maximum amount of power feasible (Saad, 2020). Comment by Dr. Tamika Russell: You have quotation marks but you do not have a source or page number. Comment by Dr. Tamika Russell: This section could have been shortened.
Bureaucracy Characteristic (Weber) Comment by Dr. Tamika Russell: This table is not in APA format.

1. Hierarchical management structure

2. Division of labor

3. Formal selection process

4. Career Orientation

5. Formal Rules

6. Impersonality
On the other hand, Frederick Taylor was a well-known engineer and inventor in the United States. In the realm of management that is founded on scientific principles, he is considered a pioneer. In terms of organization theory, the managerial tradition may be traced back to the introduction of scientific management theory (Paais, 2020). Taylor’s philosophical approach to scientific management might be summed up as follows: “Concerned with reaching efficiency in production, rational work procedures, maximum productivity, and profit” (Liu, year, p. #). In addition, Taylor’s theory investigated and analyzed processes, as is explained in greater detail in this page. Taylor’s theory was a scientific approach to management in the private sector, in contrast to Weber’s theory, which was more concerned with organizational behavior in the public sector (Haveman, 2019). Taylor’s theory was built on a foundation of four pillars: efficiency, rationality, production, and profit. He believed that people at the top management levels of the organization had a much greater share of the organizational authority compared to those at the lower management levels. In addition to that, he underlined how essential it is to have a career that spans several decades. The overarching goal of Taylor’s scientific management theory was to raise both the level of economic productivity and the level of managerial responsibility.
Summary of Fredrick Taylor on scientific management

1. Production efficiency

2. Rational work procedure

3. Maximum productivity

4. Profit
Solution and Recommendation
Both Weber’s bureaucratic model and Taylor’s scientific management theory were important parts of how classical organization theory grew and changed over time. Weber’s model was more like a government plan, while Taylor’s was more like a scientific explanation. It is clear that both Weber and Taylor put a lot of value on “formal structure and rules,” which “has nothing to do with customers or working conditions” and “directly or indirectly reinforced the command-and-control hierarchy by linking the values of those at the top with the needs of the company” (Cleaver, 2019).
Comment by Dr. Tamika Russell: You need a conclusion. You needed to discuss 3 scholars and you only discussed 2. Your table is not in APA format.
While you did discuss 2 scholars that contributed to Classical Organizational Theory, you did not discuss a public administration issue and provide solutions and a recommendation for the solution. Please refer to my announcement from last week where I provided examples. You did a fair job on this midterm essay.
References
Cleaver, E. (2019). Higher Education Organizational Suppositions.Shared Governance: A More Meaningful Approach in Higher Education, 17.
Haveman, H. A., & Wetts, R. (2019). Organizational theory: From classical sociology to the 1970s.Sociology Compass,13(3), e12627.
Liu, X. Understanding the Classical Researches in Contingency Theory: A Review.
Paais, M., & Pattiruhu, J. R. (2020). Effect of motivation, leadership, and organizational culture on satisfaction and employee performance.The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business,7(8), 577-588.
Saad, N., & Kaur, P. (2020). Organizational Theory and Culture in Education. InOxford Research Encyclopedia of Education.

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