1. How do the principles of clarity, relevance, and balance apply to developing your main points?
2. Review the following example of a partial speech outline. Speech Topic: Garden gnomes
General Purpose: To inform
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the history of garden gnomes
Thesis: Garden gnomes originated in Germany over one hundred and fifty years ago and are now popular around the world.
I. Gnomes are mythical spirit creatures that have featured in fairy tales dating back hundreds of years.
II. Garden gnomes were banned for a few years following World War II.
III. Garden gnomes are typically male and usually have beards.
IV. A group called the Garden Gnome Liberation Front steals gnomes and releases them “into the wild.” Does this outline effectively follow the principle of clarity? Why or why not?
Does this outline effectively follow the principle of relevance? Why or why not?
Does this outline effectively follow the principle of balance? Why or why not?
3. Define the following organizational patterns:
4. List a speech topic that would work well with a chronological organizational pattern.
5. List a speech topic that would work well with a spatial organizational pattern.
6. List a speech topic that would work well with a topical organizational pattern.
7. List the nine guidelines for formatting the complete-sentence outline.
8. The outline below has the main points with blanks left for subpoints and sub-subpoints. Based on the guidelines for complete sentence outlines discussed in Chapter 8, put the content in the right place.
I The flu vaccine is the best way that an individual can minimize their susceptibility to the flu.
II. As with any medical treatment, there are certain recommendations and restrictions to be aware of.
• Vaccines work by exposing the body to an inactive form of the virus.
• People with egg allergies are restricted from getting the vaccine.
• Exposure to these dead viruses programs the immune system to recognize and destroy the live virus when the vaccinated person gets exposed to it.
• Vaccines are widely available each year.
• According to the Dictionary of Epidemiology, the “flu shot” contains at least three different vaccines that target the strains of flu that are expected to be most common that year.
• Young children between 6 and 23 months old are at risk for flu complications.
• The CDC recommends that people who are at risk for complications due to flu should get the vaccine.
People with weakened immune systems are also at risk for flu complications.
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