Case Study Design and Analysis

For this assignment, you will identify the main concepts and terms learned in this week’s online lectures and textbook readings and create a fictional case study (may not be related to actual individuals).
You will use the following guidelines while writing your case study:
Background: You need to describe the demographics of individuals involved in the case study such as their age, gender, occupation, education, relationships, and family history.
The case story: You need to describe a scenario demonstrating individuals or a couple contemplating or going through a marriage divorce or seeking an annulment.
Analysis of the case: You need to utilize the information learned from the online lectures and text readings to analyze the case study. Be specific in your analysis using supporting evidence from outside sources when needed.
Recommendations: You need to end the case study with your recommendations or suggestions you would have implemented in such a situation to assist in changing the behavior of the individuals involved in the case study.
Submission Details:
Support your responses with examples.
Reference any sources you use using the APA format on a separate page.
Helping Others.html

Helping Others
Does altruism exist? Myers (2008) defines altruism as “motive to increase another’s welfare without conscious regard for one’s self-interest” (p. 429).
If you base your response from a behavioral perspective, then, based on Myers’ definition, altruism cannot exist. From a behavioral perspective, behavior is either promoted or diminished depending on the consequences. So, if you walk next door to help shovel the snow off your neighbor’s driveway without concern about receiving compensation, it is not really altruism. You will still receive some sort of reward either internally (self-satisfaction) or externally (smile or a thank you from your neighbor).
Question: “What is the threshold of something being inconsequential as a reward so it can appear to be altruistic?” From a behavioral perspective, if the consequence of an action (such as a smile or a thank you from your neighbor) improves your chances of repeating the behavior, the consequence is reinforcing.
On an individual note (leaving behavioral terms out of the equation), altruism and helping others are based on your cultural norms and belief systems. There is a reason why helping others and being altruistic are equated with the Good Samaritan. The story of the Good Samaritan is a faith-based explanation of how you should help others. Helping others when they are in need is also something that seems to be prevalent across cultures.
Why does a screaming or crying baby grab your attention? It would be logical to assume you are, in some ways, neurologically wired to attend to the cries of others, especially children and babies. However, there are instances when even after being aware of the cries you might choose not to respond. One reason for this may be that you fear the potential harm caused to you more than the welfare of the other individual.
Myers, D. (2008). Social psychology (9th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Attraction, Friendship, and Love.html

Attraction, Friendship, and Love
As human beings (like many other mammals), you have various biological drives to maintain life such as hunger and thirst. You also have the drive to continue your species. Look at these drives as the foundation upon which your social interactions are built. It will help to understand the concept of attraction, friendship, and love. Although the traditions associated with attraction, friendship, and love may differ across various cultures, they are still the basic underlying drives. Your need to thrive begins at birth with instinctual reflexes such as rooting. Newborns across species seek the familiarity of the mother to survive. As the baby develops and grows, this drive evolves into a need to feel secure and to be nurtured.
Harlow (1958) found that babies not provided with a basic level of nurturing do not thrive as well as babies who have been cared for by their parents. It is not difficult to link the nurturing and security needs of children to your needs as adults for things like companionship. Humans are social animals who need interaction and companionship with others to survive. However, you can also infer this need for social interaction to be, in part, based on biological substrates as well as the type of imprinting received as newborns.
You seek relationships at different levels depending on your social needs and interests. For example, an individual may participate in the local church choir and develop attachment with the situation. The same individual may also play cards with a group of old college buddies. Card playing is secondary to the camaraderie and an easy way of reminiscing about old times and past friends. All relationships begin with the unknown and, as such, there is a period of uneasiness and reluctance to give to that relationship.

Understanding Relationships.html
Understanding Relationships
View the PDF transcript for Social Boundaries
How Close Relationships Develop
We discussed stages of the Tuckman model for group development in Week 6. The processes by which group relationships develop, as discussed in Tuckman model, are similar to the way individuals form one-to-one relationships. A relationship frequently begins with individuals being in the right place at the right time (meeting at a social function or working together). In such situations, you may share information that touches the surface of your thoughts and feelings or also known as a “small talk.” Later, frequent meetings and interactions between individuals strengthen their relationship.
There are no real timelines for relationships to develop. Each stage indicates a demarcation from one set of common factors to the next. In some instances, a relationship may never get past the forming stage; in other instances, it may move quickly to reach the performing stage. The level of relationship shared between individuals depends on how much work the individuals put into it.
In the storming stage of relationship development, individuals tend to put their “guard down;” they begin to exhibit behaviors normally done only in private and not in public. They may also voice opinions or attitudes shared only with close relationships.
At this stage, individuals involved in a relationship question whether they are ready to adapt to each other’s attitudes, needs, or wants. These individuals may not want to change their behaviors or attitudes. If the relationship makes it to the next stage, both individuals may choose to adapt to keep the relationship going, but they still view each other as being “you and me” rather than “us.” Like the performing stage of group development, there is a point where companionship is the center piece; each individual involved is now part of a whole.
View the PDF transcript for When Relationships End

Page 1 of 1
PSY3010_Social Psychology
© 2009 South University

Social Boundaries

Your society can be divided into various strata depending on the type of relationship you have
with others. These strata can also be categorized according to the level of physical contact with
others such as handshakes, hugs, and exchanges of physical intimacy. The various strata are as

• Intimate Circle: This is the most personal circle open to individuals with whom you share
not only your most personal secrets but also share an intense level of love and care. This
can only be a one-to-one relationship.

• Family Circle: This circle includes your immediate family members, such as father,
mother, brothers, and sisters, and individuals with whom you share a close personal
relationship. This circle can also include your family doctor, psychologist, and social
workers because of the amount of personal information you share with them.

• Friendship Circle: This circle includes individuals with whom you share like interests and
activities. You have a concern for the relationship and strive to keep the relationship
going. This circle does not include intimate relationships.

• Casual Circle: This circle includes individuals you work with, your classmates, or whom
you have met more than once. At this level, you have conversations that are mutually
interesting but avoid sharing intimate or personal information.

• Strangers’ Circle: This circle includes individuals you either are not acquainted with or
have met for the first time such as salespersons or waiters at restaurants. At this level,
people do not share personal information or confide secrets.

media/week7/SUO_PSY3010 When Relationships End.pdf

When Relationships End

PSY3010 Social Psychology
©2016 South University

When Relationships End
Understanding Relationships
When Relationships End

Using the Tuckman model analogy for individual relationships, you can surmise that the level of
distress individuals may experience at the end of a relationship depends on the developmental
stage the relationship is in. If a relationship never got past the forming stage, it would be easy to
assume those involved would not experience an intense sense of loss or find it difficult to end the

The storming stage shouldn’t be construed as relationship volatility. Even intimate and strong
relationships are sometimes intertwined with much arguing and heated disagreements. The
storming stage is more of an attempt to adapt to each other’s differences. A relationship coming to
an end at this stage is mainly due to the inability of those involved to adapt to each other’s
attitudes, needs, or wants.

Relationships are not constant; changes occur. In case of significant changes occurring within a
relationship, it may revert to the storming stage. Some of the main factors causing this change to
occur include economic changes (job loss or change), health status (chronic illness), or
competing relationships (infidelity). If the change is stronger than the strength of the relationship,
the relationship may end.

What happens when your relationship does not work out? Regardless of the type of relationship,
there will still be a sense of loss. Some of the main factors influencing the intensity of sense of
loss (grief) at the end of the relationship are the type of relationship shared, how long the
relationship existed, and how long it took to end the relationship. For example, two people who
meet at the annual company picnic, have a one-night intimate encounter and a couple of follow-up
dates over the next few weeks will probably experience much less grief than a couple married for
23 years who divorced because of infidelity.

© 2016 South University

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