budget assignment

For Part 2, (MY DEPARTMENT IS: Cultural Facilities:Arts and Entertainment).
NORFOLK BUDGET
https://www.norfolk.gov/DocumentCenter/View/50347/FY-2020-Adopted-Budget-Document?bidId
Homework
ATTACHED FILE(S)
Additional Budget/Course Project Instructions
This budget project is individual work, even if more than one person is assigned that department. The work is due in Week 9 as noted above. I have selected the Norfolk, Virginia budget for this project because it contains all the areas I want you to be familiar with, and despite its extensive size, it is relatively easy to navigate. I used the 2020 budgetbecause it is the latest pre-pandemic budget, so it focuses on the traditional issues I want you to be familiar with rather that crisis management. You are to access the budget through the links I have included in the Week 1 Module, and here below. Your task in the budget project, is to answer the ten questions in Part 1 (pertaining to the entire budget, which will also help to assess your mastery of the Student Learning Outcomes for the course.) in the way you think it best represents a quality response. Those questions will require you to go through the budget quite a few times. You can write your response in a narrative form, in paragraphs, or even in bullets. Just be sure you fully answer each question, and that you make it clear which question you are answering. Make sure you show the page number where you found the information for your response, so I can review the source since different results can be found in different places–that goes with the nature of budgets.
Part II of the budget is to be used as a case analysis exercise where you assume the role of a department head. I have assignedeach of you to a department (MY DEPARTMENT IS: Cultural Facilities:Arts and Entertainment).
You are to work independently(in this portion of the project, you are to focus on your assigned department).You have been given enough information to develop a case for analysis, using the case analysis matrix providedvia the link above.
Project instructions are also provided via link above.While you are generally following the case analysis process, the case analysis matrix is included to help you consider options based on the work you have completed in the program, and may be helpful if your Capstone course uses the case analysis process. You are not required to complete the course specific areas of the attached matrix but you may want to for any courses you have completed.
You are playing the role of the department head for the department assigned to you. You are to prepare that Part II response similar to a formal case analysis in accordance with the case analysis outline for which I have provided via the link above. Once again, you are not required to do the course by course portion, but it adds to the effort if you include discussion of those courses you have completed. Either way, you are to write a summary of the case, identify the central problem, identify the key actors, develop potential alternatives, evaluate the alternatives, and provide your selected solution to the problem. That will respond to question one in Part II.
In order to respond to questions 2 & 3 of Part II, you arediscussing obstacles to implementing your selected alternative and a plan for overcoming those obstacles. Question 3 requires you to go a bit beyond the traditional analysis by suggestingpotential additional stepswhich wouldnot require your department to make all the required cuts.
As the budget project instructions indicate, detail is the key. In other words, you need to provide dollar detail on savings, how they are to be achieved, and any other details to make it clear. Just saying you are cutting 20% across the board will not suffice, because as a City Manager, I could have done that without going back to the departments. While I understand that you have limited information, be as realistic as you can.
Budget projects are due to be posted in the Week 9 Discussion Board by 8:00 PM, Wednesdayevening of week nine to allow for discussion–additional information about the project will be posted at the appropriate time.
Because of the number of students enrolled, below are the updated departments and student assignments for the budget project.
NORHFOLK GOVERNMENT
https://www.norfolk.gov/DocumentCenter/View/50347/FY-2020-Adopted-Budget-Document?bidId
Case Analysis Budget Project—PA 6650
2022
As a class, we will use the 2020 (last pre-pandemic) Norfolk, Virginia budget. Since major cities in Virginia are independent (so they operate like a combined city and county), the Norfolk budget contains all the areas I want to highlight and the keypoints I want you to take from the course. It allows you to work with a complex local government budget. More specific instruction will be provided at the appropriate time. In preparing your project, be sure to note page numbers in the budget that show from where you obtained your information. Keep in mind this is an individual project, you are to work on your own.
. Part I
A. Write a narrative analysis of the entire budget which answers the following questions (refer to budget page numbers in your answer so I may verify the information). If the budget does not provide adequate information to answer these questions, contact the responsible budget office for information, and document your discussions appropriately.
1. Identify and explain the budget format and approach being used and assess how this budget fits the general concepts of public budgeting.
2. Analyze and evaluate the quality of the budget presentation and discuss the policy implications of the budget.
3. Identify key executive proposals and goals and identify the social, political economic, ethical and cultural factors involved in those goals.
4. Identify the total revenue and expenditure amounts for the budget year (BY).
5. Identify the three largest revenue and expenditure categories and amounts.
6. Identify the percentage & amount of intergovernmental transfer payments.
7. Identify the amount and category of the costliest service provided and discuss the policy implications.
8. Identify the costliest line item for each department.
9. Identify the dollar and percentage cost of full-time equivalent (FTE) employment.
10.Compare public safety (police, fire, 911) and public assistance costs.
If you are unsure of the meaning of any of these terms, post questions in ask the professor for all to see.
Part II
This is a case analysis exercise where you are provided limited information and are building your own case for analysis. The case analysis process is outlined in the
Case analysis worksheet
.
SITUATION: You are the director the department you have selected (each student is to select a different department–I will assist you in this process). I will be the city/county manager for the exercise. I have notified you that because reduced tax revenue expectations, federal funding cuts, and pressures to prepare for an impending healthcare crisis (pandemic), our community will have large revenue shortfalls. As a result, I am directing all departments to submit a revised budget request for your department cutting 20%, which can be presented to the city/county legislature (council/commission). Your task is to prepare a case analysis following the format in the case analysis worksheet that addresses all of the following points for your department:
1.Identify available alternatives that will achieve the proposed reduction in your department, and select the preferred
alternative based on your assessment criteria.
2.Identify potential obstacles to your proposed alternative and provide cogent arguments why your particular department cannot absorb its full share of the proposed cuts.
3. In discussing how to overcome your identified obstacles, consider and include discussion of specific recommendations as to which other departments should absorb the portion of the cuts your department cannot keeping in mind other departments also have to make cuts, and/or provide your specific recommendations for sufficient revenue enhancements to make the cuts to your department unnecessary.
BE SPECIFIC IN YOUR CUTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Remember, detail is the key to success.
MODIFIED CASE ANALYSIS WORKSHEET
FOR PA6650 and OTHER PA COURSES (2022 Update)
INCLUDE ALL MANDATORY HEADINGS IN YOUR ANALYSIS UNLESS MODIFIED IN CLASS

MANDATORY HEADINGS SECTION

INSTRUCTIONS

I. NARRATIVE SUMMARY OF THE CASE

General Instructions for Section I:
Demonstrate an understanding of the case by writing a narrative analysis. Provide a thorough explanation of the essential elements of the case so that someone unfamiliar with its details can follow your analysis. Use specific referenced concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from MPA courses in your discussion.

A. Case Summary

Write a narrative summary of the important elements of the case. Include a discussion of the goal(s), specific objective(s), or outcome(s) desired to be accomplished, achieved, or maintained.

B. Key Actors and Their Roles

Identify and discuss the key actors and their motivating roles and agenda(s).

C. Central Problem(s)

State clearly the central problem(s) or potential problem(s) in the case, external and internal to the organization.

II. IDENTIFICATION OF CASE PROBLEM(S) AND ISSUE(S) AND APPLICATION OF CORE COURSE KNOWLEDGE TO THE RELATED CASE PROBLEM(S) AND ISSUE(S) FOR ANY OF THE FOLLOWING COURSES YOU HAVE COMPLETED OR WISH TO INCLUDE

General Instructions for Section II:
You will specifically need to do following for each core course (1) identify the problem(s) or issue(s) from Section 1 that is the focus of the application (2) explain the concept you are applying to the problem(s) or issue(s) (assume the reader has limited background in the concepts you are discussing), and (3) explain how the concept can be applied to solve or lessen the impact of the problem(s) or issue(s). The emphasis in this section is applying the specific referenced concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from MPA core courses. A solid response will demonstrate understanding of the case by applying concepts from the MPA core courses. Begin the section with a brief summary of the central problem(s) from Section I.

A. PA 6601 – Research Methods

Introduce at least one case problem or issue identified in Section 1. Identify and thoroughly discuss a minimum of two specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from the Research Methods course. Apply the material to the problem or issue identified.

B. PA 6602/6603/6631 – Quantitative Methods, Economics for Public Management, OR Program Evaluation Administration

Introduce at least one case problem or issue identified in Section 1. Identify and thoroughly discuss a minimum of two specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from the Quantitative Methods, Economics, OR Ethics course. Apply the material to the problem or issue identified.

C. PA 6674 – Ethics in Public Administration

Introduce at least one case problem or issue identified in Section 1. Identify and thoroughly discuss a minimum of two specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars and/or processes from the Ethics course. Apply the material to the problem or issue identified.

D. PA 6620 Organization Theory OR PA 6646 Organizational Behavior Or for 2018-19 Catalog or later
PA6665 Leadership in Public Administration

Introduce at least one case problem or issue identified in Section 1. Identify and thoroughly discuss a minimum of two specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from the Organization Theory,Organizational Behavior or for those in the 2018-19 or later catalogs, Leadership course. Apply the material to the problem or issue identified.

E. PA 6622 – Public Policy Analysis

Introduce at least one case problem or issue identified in Section 1. Identify and thoroughly discuss a minimum of two specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from the Public Policy Analysis course. Apply the material to the problem or issue identified.

F. PA 6624 – Public Personnel Management/Public Human Resource Management

Introduce at least one case problem or issue identified in Section 1. Identify and thoroughly discuss a minimum of two specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from the Public Personnel course. Apply the material to the problem or issue identified.

G. (if appropriate) PA 6644 – Administrative Law

If having completed PA6644, your are encouraged to identify and thoroughly discuss a minimum of two specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from the Administrative Law course. Apply the material to the problem or issue identified.

H. PA 6650 – Governmental Budgeting

Introduce at least one case problem or issue identified in Section 1. Identify and thoroughly discuss a minimum of two specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from the Governmental Budgeting course. Apply the material to the problem or issue identified.

III. ALTERNATIVES FOR ACTION

General Instructions for Section III:
Identify, develop, or create three alternatives for action that are available to you or that are available to the decision makers in the case to solve the central problem. If you are analyzing actions performed by others, are additional alternatives available to them? List at least three alternatives for action. The alternatives should address the key decision problem from Section 1. Compare and contrast them, discussing their relative strengths and weaknesses. Begin the section with a brief summary of the central problem from Section I and the issues from Section II.

A. Alternative 1

Identify and discuss your first alternative. Support your alternative with specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from MPA courses.

B. Alternative 2

Identify and discuss your second alternative. Support your alternative with specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from MPA courses.

C. Alternative 3

Identify and discuss your third alternative. Support your alternative with specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases from MPA courses.

IV. SELECTION OF RECOMMENDED ALTERNATIVE

General Instructions for Section IV:
Begin this section with a summary of your central problem (from Section I), issues (from Section II), and alternative solutions (from Section III). In this section, you will choose one of your three alternative solutions for the central problem and recommend it for implementation. This is the appropriate place to list limitations, restrictions, constraints, rules, policies, guidelines or necessities, challenges, or opportunities to change or obtain waivers from these limitations.
In particular, selection of an alternative must be systematic and supported. A good way to organize your thinking about which alternative to select is to use a decision matrix. However, the decision matrix by itself is not the answer. It is only an organizing framework. Use of the decision matrix requires the student to identify decision criteria important to the facts of the case. The case suggests what these criteria are. The decision criteria used to evaluate alternatives should be defined. To fill in each cell of the matrix the student must insert judgmental or objective criteria.

A. Method

Identify and discuss the method by which you will select your recommended alternative.

B. Criteria

Identify, justify, and discuss three criteria you or the designated decision maker will use in selecting the recommended alternative. Support your choice of criteria with specific references to the case and/or referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases.

C. Recommendation

Use the method and criteria to identify the recommended alternative.

V. IMPLEMENTATION OF RECOMMENDED ALTERNATIVE

General Instructions for Section V:
In this section, you will develop a complete implementation plan for your recommended alternative. Begin this section with a summary of your central problem (from Section I), issues (from Section II), alternative solutions (from Section III), and a clear statement of which alternative you are choosing to implement (Section IV). Discuss the recommended alternative in more detail. Consider such elements as what obstacles you might encounter in implementing this alternative; how you would overcome them; what reporting or feedback system you will use, if any; and how you might evaluate the success or failure, even the degree of success or failure, of your alternative. End with summary, observations, concluding remarks, if any. Support your discussion of the implementation, obstacles, solutions, and evaluation strategy with specific referenced course concepts, theories, theorists, scholars, models, processes, public laws, or court cases.

A. Implementation Plan

Develop a detailed implementation plan to explain how you would propose to operationalize the selected alternative.

B. Obstacles

Speculate about potential obstacles to your implementation plan. Consider where resistance might come from either internally or externally to the organization. Suggest how each of the obstacles can be overcome.

C. Evaluation Plan

Develop a plan for assessing the success or failure of the implementation plan. In other words, how will you know if the problem has been solved?

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more