ASSIGNMENTS

ASSIGNMENTS:

Persuasive Speech written out

Persuasive speech outline with a bibliography

Topic: For legalizing marijuana in Texas

Speech must be at least 6 minutes long

The purpose is to persuade us of your position through the use of logic, evidence, and reasoning while also using ethical and emotional appeals after thoroughly researching the topic. Not interested in opinions. You must support your assertions with evidence and reasoning. Use examples, statistics, quotations from authorities, etc.

Research all side but only take a position on one. (which I have chosen for legalization)

Persuasive Speech Outline:

A complete sentence outline with a bibliography with at least 10 sources is required.

See example below:

EXAMPLE of OUTLINE

· The Death Penalty

Introduction

China, Iran, Iraq, Liberia, Nigeria, Thailand, and the United States – What do these countries have in common?

Canada, France, East Germany, England, all other western industrial nations except the Unites Dates – What do these countries have in common?

The former are countries that practice capital punishment. The later are countries that have abolished capital punishment.

There are many reasons for abolishing the death penalty but I would like to talk about three of them. They are that the death penalty does not deter violent crime, that the death penalty is irreversible, and that the death penalty costs more than life imprisonment.

Body

I.          The death penalty does not deter violent crime.

A.        It might, if the person that considers homicide makes a rational decision and expects to be arrested, convicted, sentenced to death and executed.

1. Most people who murder do not see beyond their action; they kill quickly in moments of great fear or emotional stress and under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

2. When the crime is premeditated, the individual rarely believes he or she will be

apprehended or executed.

B.          In the past 25 years dozens of researchers have analyzed crime statistics for evidence

that capital punishment affects the crime rate.

1. The studies show that murder rates in a death penalty state such as

Illinois differ little from another with a similar population density without

the death penalty such as Michigan.

2. In 1975, the year before Canada abolished the death penalty, its homicide rate was 3.09 per 100,000. In 1986 the rate was down to 2.19, the lowest in fifteen years.

                        3.         In 1985 FBI statistics show that the number of law enforcement officers killed was                                 almost four times as great in states with capital punishment than in states without it.

            C.        The use of the death penalty may in some cases increase the crime rate.

                        1.         In New York between 1903 and 1963 individual executions were followed by a                                                slight rise in the state’s homicide rate.

II.         The death penalty is irreversible

            A.        An innocent person who has been mistakenly executed can never be brought back to                             life.

                        1.         The book, In Spite of Innocence, notes that between 1900 and 1992 there have been                            416 documented cases of innocent persons who have been convicted and given a                                  death sentence.

                        2.         A 1987 Stanford Law Review Study showed that in this country, 23 innocent                                        persons have been executed in the past century.

                        3.         After the 13th innocent man was released from Illinois’ Death Row, Governor                                        George Ryan – a Republican and longtime supporter of the death penalty – imposed                               a moratorium on executions in Illinois.

                                    a.         In Ryan’s own words, “the death penalty system is fraught with error and has                                         come so close to the ultimate … Until I can be sure with moral certainty that                                          no innocent man or woman is facing a lethal injection, no one will meet that                                                 fate.”

III.       The death penalty costs more than life imprisonment.

            A.        A 1982 study in New York concluded that the average murder trial cost taxpayers $1.8                        million – more than twice as much as it costs to keep a person in jail for life.

            B.         Florida taxpayers have paid more than $57 million for the death penalty between 1973              and 1988 which divided by 18 executions gives a cost of $3.2 million per execution.

Conclusion

For these three reasons and many more I would hope that you would agree with me that it is time for the United States to abolish the death penalty.

As U.S. Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall has said: “The death penalty is no more effective a deterrent than life imprisonment … While police and law enforcement officials are the strongest advocates of capital punishment, the evidence is overwhelming that police are no safer in communities that retain the sanction than in those that have abolished it. It also is evident that the burden of capital punishment falls upon the poor, the ignorant and underprivileged members of society.”

Justice William O. Douglas says: “One searches our chronicles in vain for the execution of any member of the affluent society.”

In the words of the Soviet physicist and Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1975, Andrei Sakharov, “I regard the death penalty as a savage and immoral institution that undermines the moral and legal foundations of a society. I reject the notion that the death penalty has any essential deterrent effect on potential offenders. I am convinced that the contrary is true – that savagery begets only savagery.”

Bibliography

Menninger, Karl. The Crime of Punishment. New York: The Viking Press, 1969.

The Death Penalty – Cruel a& Inhuman Punishment. Amnesty International USA Pamphlet.

Campaign to End the Death Penalty. 04/04/01. Moratorium Victory in Illinois.

http://www.nodeathpenalty.org/ilmorratorium.html.

Campaign to End the Death Penalty. 04/04/01. Five Reasons Why You Should Oppose The Death Penalty. http://www.nodeathpenalty.org/fiveReasons.html.

A total of at least 10 sources.

The Persuasive Speech

Introduction

1. Get out attention (see the introduction and conclusion under Course Content on Blackboard). 

2. Preview your main points (Arguments). 

Body

1. Main Point (Argument #1) 

1. Sub-point or supporting material 

2. Sub-point or supporting material.  

                         II. Main Point (Argument #2)

                              A. Sub-point or supporting material

                        III.   Main Point (Argument #3)

Conclusion

1. Summarize your main points 

                          2.   Call for action

Bibliography 

 At least 10 sources

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