Annotated Bibliography


Use the attachments for help.  These are only to be used for the topic.

Bibliography. Search, review, and compile 10-15 references to be used for your Week 7 Paper. APA-format these references, put them on a Word document along with a short abstract or review of each of the reference with its content and how you will be using them in your Week 7 paper. I expect to see at least 10 APA-formatted references, each followed by a 1-paragraph review of the article.
 Do not include your Week 2 or week 4 paper material.



Wireless Security Technology


Wireless network threats are passive and active. Passively, your network can be intercepted by other unauthorized users without even being connected if they install their card in “monitor” mode. Using tools such as Wireshark, they can then intercept email, listen to VOIP conversations, read instant messages as well as enjoy your network traffic, stealing cookies to validate themselves as the authorized user to web sites.

Actively, you can become vulnerable to “Man in the Middle” attacks, which enable a hacker to place themself between you and a web page you are accessing – one famous tool replaces all images loading on pages with those of sheep or even usurp the identity of the router altogether (Rittinghouse & Ransome, 2020). This enable them to intercept an aware user’s banking sessions, access any sites using your address, and basically blackmailing users not to mention injecting hostile code on otherwise trusted pages which can then infect your computer with a more lasting lament.

One of the most basic things one can do to secure wireless network is to change the username and password of the router (Choong & Lim, 2019). Use of complex passwords will help you in being more secure. Activating Encryption is another important thing you should do. This can be done by changing the Router settings. Turning off guest networks can be the other option which will prevent anyone from using your network without username and password.

Problem Statement

In wireless networks, the most common issues are access to private networks via an open hot-spot or access to private information by sniffing wireless traffic at a public place, like those commercials where someone sitting at a local coffee-shop is sniffing everyone’s personal data. These strategies are obscure to common PCs users however among those with even a minor measure of information, those exercises can be performed with little trouble. Nearly anyone with the desire to do so could setup shop and sniff passwords or whatever information they’re looking for. This activity is limited by the normal utilization of VPNs and SSL.

Another normal security weakness is admittance to private organizations by means of the Internet. Additionally, Web page defacing has become normal for the most part since it’s moderately simple to do by hackers. Data-communications over the internet if unsecured by a VPN have their most common security vulnerabilities, Man in the Middle, port-spanning (or tapping), and spoofing. Wireless devices security protocols is a nightmare. Manufacturers of this devices fail in developing a robust security protocol to their devices including routers and switches hence making them vulnerable to attacks.

Relevance and Significance

While setting up wireless network for a business, safety efforts ought to be on the first spot on the list. One of the biggest concern surrounding wireless network is ensuring that the network is secure from unauthorized access (Soyinka, 2019). Wireless network cannot be 100% secure but the following security measures must be put in place to enhance wireless security in any organization. Organizations should ensure that sufficient physical security controls are set up.

Extra physical safety efforts might be expected to ensure WLAN network components installed throughout the facility, like access point (AP) are protected from burglary, interference, as well as abuse. Organization likewise need ponder the scope of each AP concerning the workplaces’ actual limits; communication that stretch past these limits are helpless against spying by external parties.

Organization worried about snooping threats should restrict legacy WLAN signal proliferation, at least with the goal that it doesn’t go past the physical control limits of the organization’s facilities. In any case, there is dependably a probability that an attacker may use a high-gain antenna from a moderately long distance to listen stealthily, so only by using solid cryptographic means can any confirmation of security against spying be accomplished.

Wireless access point frequently have vulnerabilities and different shortcomings in their default configuration. Organizations ought to guarantee that access point management is configured appropriately. This incorporates configuring administrator access, controlling the access point reset feature, configuring network administration protocols, and activating logging. Organizations must also guarantee that APs are configured to enhance a safe WLAN setup.

Wireless networks is a first developing innovation and is set to keep on developing in the future. It is perceived that wireless networks could offer benefits to the community in the quest for its primary objectives (Nichols & Lekkas, 2018). The ongoing approval of 802.11 models for wireless access will keep on developing enthusiasm for the innovation which is by its inclination moderately clear to implement. While this might be valid and appropriate for some environment, wireless network form some portion of the greater infrastructure which comprise the wired network.

In order to secure the business needs of the wireless network must meet a similar dimension of security used by the rest of the infrastructure. Wireless network offers a suitable way for accessing client resources. Wireless innovation have turned out to be universal in the workplace environment. The arrival of wireless innovations adds more functionality but additionally introduce security threats and concerns that must be monitored and relieved.


Rittinghouse, J. W., & Ransome, J. F. (2020). Wireless operational security. Burlington, MA: Elsevier/Digital Press.

Nichols & Lekkas. (2018). Wireless security: Models, threats, and solutions. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Soyinka, W. (2019). Wireless network administration: A beginner’s guide. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Tan, H. G., Choong, P. S., Lim, D. C. (2019). Wireless technology. Singapore: Pearson/Prentice Hall.






a. The state of wireless technology is rapidly changing. Therefore, firms must stay abreast of new technological advances to implement the best and most efficient solutions.

b. Organizing requirements change over time. Continuous technological research is necessary as a result. If they put their card in “monitor” mode, your network can be passively intercepted by other illegal users without ever being connected (Ma, 2021).

c. They can then eavesdrop on email, listen in on VOIP chats, read instant messages, and enjoy your network traffic using tools like Wireshark while also taking cookies to verify their identity as legitimate website users. Wireless technology has its advantages and weaknesses that need to be addressed for a business to achieve its objectives.

d. This paper discusses the possible weaknesses and security challenges associated with wireless technology and proposes solutions.



a) Access to private networks over the internet is another common security risk. This tactic has become increasingly widespread since it takes little effort on the part of hackers to deface websites.

b) Without a VPN, data communications over the internet are particularly vulnerable to Man in the Middle attacks, port spanning (or tapping), and spoofing (Medavaka, 2019).

c) The lack of consensus on wireless device security standards is a significant issue. As a result of a weak security procedure during production, routers and switches are easily compromised.


a) Security measures should be prioritized at the outset of a company’s wireless network installation process.

b) Companies should put in place adequate physical security measures. It may be necessary to take extra precautions to prevent theft, interference, and misuse of WLAN network components installed throughout the building, such as access points (APs) (Desnitsky, 2020).

c) Communication that extends beyond these limitations is vulnerable to espionage by third parties, so organizations need to think about the range of each AP in terms of the actual bounds of the workplaces.

d) If a company is concerned about eavesdropping, it should limit the spread of its legacy WLAN signal such that it cannot escape its physical boundaries.

e) Unfortunately, the default settings of many wireless access points leave their networks vulnerable to various threats (Pragadeswaran, 2021).

f) Businesses should double-check their settings when it comes to access point management. This includes enabling logging, configuring network administration protocols, and resetting access points (Fakiha, 2021).

g) Wireless networking is an emerging invention that is expected to continue maturing in the years to come. Wireless networks are a part of the more significant infrastructure that makes up the wired network, so this may be valid and appropriate in some settings.

h) The wireless network needs to use the same level of security as the rest of the infrastructure if it is to protect the company’s operations effectively.

i) Wireless technology is described as a good initiative that organisations are likely to adopt but requires security awareness for the users. There is a requirement that the username and password of the router have to be updated regularly to improve its security.

j) Activation of the encryption security intervention is an important initiative that leads to securing information in transit from cybercriminals (Abidin, 2019).


a) Wireless technology comes with benefits to the organization, and this includes making it possible to operate from a remote environment and streamlining operations (Swati Gupta, 2016).

b) Wireless technology brings value when used correctly, especially when the users understand the security challenges and use strong passwords and other mechanisms.

c) Wireless technology attacks various security threats that demand for scrutiny for success (Lee, 2022).


Abidin, S. (2019). Wireless Sensor Network and Security Mechanism by Encryption. 
International Journal of Research in Advent Technology, 
7(6), 9-13.

Desnitsky, V. (2020). Modeling and Analysis of Information Security Threats in Wireless Sensor Networks. 
Telecom IT, 
8(3), 102-111.

Fakiha, B. (2021). Business Organization Security Strategies to Cyber Security Threats. 
International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering, 
11(1), 101-104.

Lee, J. (2022). The Role of Information Systems and Organizational Communication Culture in Transforming a Business Function. 
Information Resources Management Journal, 
35(1), 1-15.

Ma, L. (2021). Computer wireless network integration technology in equipment state data collection. 
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 

Medavaka, A. (2019). Identification of Security Threats and Proposed Security Mechanisms for Wireless Sensor Networks. 
International Journal of Scientific Research in Computer Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 194-205.

Ping, H. (2022). Network Information Security Data Protection Based on Data Encryption Technology. 
Wireless Personal Communications.

Pragadeswaran, S. (2021). Security Analysis in Wireless Sensor Networks: Challenges, Threats and Security Issues. 
International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology, 
9(4), 683-690.

Sharon, O., & Alpert, Y. (2016). A New Aggregation Based Scheduling Method for Rapidly Changing IEEE 802.11ac Wireless Channels. 
Wireless Sensor Network, 
08(08), 145-165.

Swati Gupta, S. (2016). Adhoc Wireless network Security is enhanced by Customized Encryption Technology & using Multilayer of Security.
International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Information Technology.

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