Analyzing Types of Claims as Visual Argument

Lesson 6 Forum

Analyzing Types of Claims as Visual Argument

Please select one of the images (#1-4) that appears on pages 165-166 of your Perspectives on Argument text.  For the image you select, assign one of the claim categories below and answer the corresponding questions.  

a.  This visual primarily establishes a fact.  What is the fact?  How convinced are you by the image?

b.  This visual shows cause and effect.  What is the cause?  What is the effect?  Do you accept the cause effect relationship depicted?  Why or why not?

c.  This visual is mainly about establishing value.  What is being evaluated?  Is the value assigned to it positive or negative?   Do you agree or disagree?  Why or why not?

d.  This visual provides a possible solution for a problem.  What is the problem and what is the solution?

C. Group Work and Class Discussion: Analyzing Types of Claims in Visual Argument (Page 165-166)

Create four groups and have each group look at all of the four images that follow, including the remarks that accompany them. Assign each group one of the images and ask group members to select the best description of it from the list that follows. The images are in a different order from the list of categories. Note: You may need to make an argument for your interpretation because a particular image may serve as an illustration for more than one type of claim. Give reasons for your choices.

a. This visual primarily establishes fact. What is the fact? How convinced are you by this image?

b. This visual shows cause and effect. What is the cause? What is the effect? Do you accept the cause–effect relationship depicted here? Why or why not?

c. This visual is mainly about establishing value. What is being evaluated? Is the value assigned to it positive or negative? Do you agree or disagree? Why or why not?

d. This visual helps define a problem. What is the problem? How does the visual help define it?

e. This visual provides a possible solution for a problem. What is the problem, and what is the solution?

Image 1: War Casualties

Here is the information that accompanies the opening of a new rehabilitation center in San Antonio, Texas, which this photo depicts. It is “designed to treat the growing number of severely wounded veterans of the Iraq war, some of whom attended the ceremony.”

Image 2: U.S. Border Control

A U.S. Border Control agent contains people after crossing the Rio Grande River into the United States near McAllen, Texas. (AP)

This Associated Press photograph appeared in an online article of The New York Post. The title of the article is “U.S. Border Patrol Launches New Push to Stop Illegal Immigrants from Mexico.” What portrait of “border patrol” does this image present? Consider the caption and decide what type of claim it makes. How do you evaluate the use of the term “contain” here? What view of “border control” does this choice of language encourage you to form?

Image 3: The Rhone Glacier

Retreat A drawing on an 1870 postcard shows the Rhone Glacier sweeping into Gletsch, Switzerland; in 2005 the glacier could hardly be seen.

The small postcard and the larger photograph in this image are both of the same place in Switzerland, only the pictures are taken at different times. What is the issue? Consider the caption above and decide what type of claim is being made.

Image 4: Corn Power

Only two words accompany this image (Corn Power), but they should be enough to help you decide what type of claim is being made. What is the issue? What is the claim? What type of claim is it?

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