A tsunami is a series of waves that are brought about by an earthquake in the sea or any other volcanic eruption.

DateA tsunami is a series of waves that are brought about by an earthquake in the sea or any other volcanic eruption. Tsunamis have happened since the creation of the world. Major Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes that happen after the collision of tectonic plates (Samuels). Some plates are too hard to be pushed when a collision occurs they release energy causing seismic waves. These sudden seismic waves lead to an earth shake. Tsunamis can be very dangerous to the dwellers of the seashore (Taylor). Tsunamis that have happened have been recorded to cause deaths and loss of property. For instance, the largest Tsunami to occur was in Sumatra in 2004 which had a magnitude of 9.1 and left over 230,000 people dead. The Tsunami that happened in 2011 in Japan was devastating and resulted in loss of many lives. Property of approximately 300billion dollars was damaged by the earthquake and tsunami. People drowned and most of them died. Many pictures were taken to keep a memory of what happened. This Tsunami was very large and impacted a lot to the Japanese government.Many publications have been made about the historic 2011 earthquake, tsunami and subsequent nuclear accident that occurred in Japan. The magnitude of the earthquake was 8.9. Authors and photographers have published many articles with photographs of the tragedy, commonly referred to as “3/11”. The earthquake hit the Tohoku region of Japan (BBC news). It swept away the entire town, killed thousands of dwellers and triggered a nuclear meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. Many damages were mostly along the coastline. The photo shows a wave that resulted from the tsunami earthquake as it approached Miyako City from the Heigawi estuary in Iwate Prefecture. The picture was taken on March 11, 2011, published in the Mainichi Shimbun. The photo shows the wave sweeping everything on the coastline including vehicles and houses. In the ocean, ships are seen as they are carried away, and others stack in the water. Some part of the city is submerged by the waters. The wave looks very strong and fast approaching, carrying and destroying everything on its way. This part was one of the most affected parts by the tragedy. Much of the town city was destroyed. The photo is just representation of how the deadly waves approached the cities in Japan destroying people and properties.The earthquake in Tohoku 2011, struck the offshore of Japan beside a subduction zone where two tectonic plates were colliding. A subduction zone is where one plate slides below the other into the mantle which is the hotter layer below the crust. A recent study found out that, the Pacific plate which is in the east of Japan slides beneath the Eurasian plate (Samuels). On 11th March, 2011 an earthquake started at around 2.46pm on Friday local time. The earthquake was centered on the seafloor 72 kilometers in the East of Tohoku. It was felt in a depth of 24 kilometers below the earth surface. The earth shaking lasted for approximately six minutes. After the earthquake, scientists discovered a layer of slippery clay that lined the fault and researchers have thought this clay to have allowed the sliding of the two plates and facilitated this huge earthquake and tsunami. The residents were worn of the coming tsunami by the Japan’s warning system especially the residents of Tokyo. Many deaths were prevented by the country’s seismic building codes and warnings. High speed trains and factory assembly lines were slowed to prevent more impacts. The warnings were done through text messages that were sent to cellphones (BBC news).The effects of Tsunami are experienced for many years even after the occurrence. The first impact that is highly remembered for ages is the loss of people in the affected area. Tsunamis cause a lot of deaths which are very sudden and covering a large geographical area. The pain of losing loved ones is very much having in mind that the affected are mostly from the same geographical region. In the previous Tsunami disaster in Japan in 2011, the death toll raised up to 15,891 according the report published by the Japan’s National Agency. Most of the victims died through drowning with more than 2000 reported missing (Taylor). The other impact of the Tsunamis is in the economic sector where it destroyed many buildings including three story building where people had run for shelter. Machinery, vehicle food produce were among the highly destroyed commercial commodities. To the government losses so much in rescuing the victims and also in providing medical attention to those who survived with major injuries. The nuclear meltdown was one of the losses that the Japan government underwent. The cooling machines could not operate well hence the meltdown of nuclear (CNN Wire Staff).The earthquake and tsunami was very large and impacted on the Japanese government. Many people were killed in the tragedy. Those who survived lost their loved ones and their homes. Up to today some live like refugees in their own country. Property that amounted to huge sums of money was lost from the tsunami. A record says that property of approximately 300 billion dollars was lost. This affected greatly the economy of Japan and the world at large. Losing many people in the tragedy was not pleasing and it pulled down the economy. The tsunami also affected the cooling system at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, which resulted to a meltdown and radioactive materials were released in the sea. A picture shown above can clearly show how the tsunami was wavy and destructive. Lots of damage was done despite the warning that the residents had received. The forecasters had predicted a smaller tsunami than the one that happened. To date recovery measures are on way but are slow because they were very huge (Oskin).ReferencesBBC news. (Match 11, 2011). Japan earthquake: Tsunami hits north-east. BBC NewsCNN Wire Staff, (March 12, 2011). Widespread destruction from Japan earthquake, tsunamis. CNNOskin B. (2015). Japan Earthquake & Tsunami of 2011.Live science.Samuels, R. J. (2013). 3.11: Disaster and Change in Japan. Cornell University PressTaylor, A. (2011). Japan Earthquake: Aftermath. In Focus

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