GENDER AND CRIME5
Gender and Crime
The gender gap in crime is global, where women are less likely to commit crimes than men. The number of arrests for women is lower than men for all crimes except prostitution. Prostitution is prevalent among women, although there have been discussions and questions about who is the victim in the crime of prostitution. These factors are true in all countries, racial and ethnic groups, and every historical period. For instance, women in the United States comprise 20% of all the criminal arrests for all crime calibers, and only 8% of the inmates in Australia are women. Research studies conducted to explain why the male gender is more susceptible to criminal activities show that the thrill-seeking desire, among other reasons, often pushes them to engage in criminal activities.
More men have been associated with serious crime calibers than women. Women are associated with petty crimes like shoplifting or larceny-theft, fraud, forgery, and embezzlement (Steffensmeier, Schwartz, & Roche, 2013). Female arrests for homicide and aggravated assaults have been less than 15% and less than 10% for serious property crimes of burglary and robbery in the United States since the 1960s. Most crimes associated with women are related to the common domestic roles of women. Women engage in crimes that will directly benefit their families. Unfortunately, more females fall victim to these crimes than men.
It is interesting to note that women have been involved in more complex crimes than men in addition to minor property crimes in recent times. The percentage of female arrests is increasing, indicating that those women are increasingly getting involved in crime. In addition to the already mentioned crimes, women are also getting involved in substance abuse crimes. Although the percentage of women being involved in crime is still low, there has been a fairly consistent increase in the diverse kinds of crimes they commit. On the flip side, female arrests have been reduced for crimes largely associated with like prostitution and homicides, aggravated assault, and drug-law violation.
Research studies and surveys conducted by the National Crime Victimisation Surveys indicate that a lower percentage of female offenders were witnessed committing a crime than men. This percentage is similar to the percentage of female arrests for given kinds of crimes. UCR patterns also indicate that women are less involved in serious crimes but more involved in less serious offenses. The reason for fewer women engaging in crime could be because of the motherly instincts where they think of the afterlife of their families in case they are killed while committing a crime or they die in jail. The less serious crimes they engage in are to meet the family’s immediate needs, like food.
Offense categories and property crimes that females engage in result in less harm and require less monetary loss and less property destruction. The activities around crimes committed by women are less destructive and less involving, unlike men, who damage a lot of property and cause massive destruction. People. People involved suffering more injuries and more serious injuries. Women are less likely to repeat crimes for which they have been arrested. Lifetime careers in crime are unlikely among women. However, some females explore short-term careers in crimes like prostitution, substance abuse, and minor offenses like shoplifting and cheque forging (Starr, 2015). Men engaging in crimes are more effective when they operate in organized gangs and engage in very lucrative criminal activities, unlike women, who in most cases operate solo and in non-permanent criminal activities. Most women operating in groups are mainly accompanying the men doing serious crimes.
Crime is a serious concern in the modern world, where the quest for worldly gains and status is very high. Men and women are engaging in crimes, although men do it more organized manner and frequently. More lethal weapons are being used in crime scenes resulting in more severe injuries on the victims. On the other hand, women are more involved in less complex crimes but act as accomplices for serious crimes. Although men and women are both engaging in crimes, the rate of female arrest is lower than that of men because of other factors like pregnancy, duties of taking care of young children, and the higher possibility of showing remorse for their wrong. Women are perceived to be less dangerous than men and more responsive to rehabilitation.
Starr, S. B. (2015). Estimating gender disparities in federal criminal cases. American Law and Economics Review, 17(1), 127-159.
Steffensmeier, D. J., Schwartz, J., & Roche, M. (2013). Gender and twenty-first-century corporate crime: Female involvement and the gender gap in Enron-era corporate frauds. American Sociological Review, 78(3), 448-476.
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